8th International Conference and Exhibition on Physiotherapy and Physical Rehabilitation |

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8th International Conference & Exhibition on Physiotherapy & Physical Rehabilitation

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Pages: 1 - 1

Genes dominating Sports: Analysis and Interpretation

Abhishek Deo

Statement of the Problem: There are many sportsmen who work hard in their respective sport. But only few in thousands succeed. Science behind this is often not understood. In the year 2019 tests which test the genes are available in the medical market. Once the precise genetic makeup is understood the Sports performance planning should be done accordingly which is mostly ignored and problems such as recurring injuries, lack of sports performance resulting in a performance plateau etc. are bound to happen then. This reduces your chance of being a successful athlete in the respective sports by around 70-85%
Methodology and Theoretical Orientation: Various sportsmen from different sports were tested with genetic labs. The sportsmen who were doing better in same sport, with similar musculature and skill level were tested and compared separately. With the sports skill matches between them, their physical examination and other explosive tests were also conducted. Results and Significance: Lab reports showed that sportsmen who had appropriate gene makeup (for the game they had selected) were doing excellent that the average genetic makeup sportsmen. Research significantly showed the dominance of the genetically appropriate sportsmen over other genetically inappropriate sportsmen. 

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Pages: 2 - 2

Cupping therapy versus interferential cupping therapy on mechanical low back pain

Ahmed Assem Abd El Rahim

Background: Mechanical low back pain is one of the most common medical problems and causes a significant amount of disability and incapacity in different countries.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of shock wave therapy with mechanical traction on mechanical low back pain.
Subjects: Sixty mechanical low back pain patients aged from 20-35years of both sexes, randomly divided into three groups, selected from Sohag University Neurosurgery Hospital.
Methods: group A (Study Group): twenty patients received shock wave therapy in addition to traditional physical therapy. Group B (Study Group): twenty patients received shock wave therapy and mechanical traction in addition to traditional physical therapy.Group C (Control Group): twenty patients received Traditional physical therapy. The treatment was applied for four weeks, three sessions per week. Pain was measured by McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ), disability was measured by Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire and ROM was measured by goniometer before and after the treatment. 
Results: There was a statistically significant decrease in pain, disability in group (B) than other groups with p-value equal (P=0.0001*, 0.0001* and P=0.0001*) respectively. There was a statistically significant increase in flexion and extension ROMs in group (B) than other groups with p-value equal (P=0.0001*, 0.0001* and P=0.0001*) respectively.
Conclusion: shock wave therapy with mechanical traction in addition to traditional physical therapy can be used as an effective treatment in patients with mechanical low back pain.

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Pages: 3 - 3

Stabilization of joints from a proprioceptional view

Denis Nyboe

A little provocation: Heavy strength exercises with a 10-15 reps., in combination with cycling, in a period of 2-3months have been the mantra in rehabilitation, - because it is cheap. – But sometimes we see reinjury or people who get worse after stopping their exercises. Are we able to stabilize the neck, the lumbar spine, the shoulder or the ankle that last for a long time after rehab? I think so. The proprioception and reflexes are often overseen in rehabilitation and exercising in sports.  I claim that, If the Proprioception is working the risk of reinjury will be reduced. In the ballet world where dancers starts as children, they do not lift heavy weights, they only uses themselves and later on they might use pulleys in their exercises – but important is that they perfect their moving pattern by repetition. 
The most forgotten muscles are rotators; we exercise sagittal and frontal plane and forget to exercise the rotational stability in the early phase of the rehabilitation. The rotators are important every time you are shifting direction, and in cutting sports as soccer, handball and basket this gives a problem.

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Pages: 4 - 4

GMFM-88/GMFM-66 administration overview

Fatimah Ahmad Alzaher

Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) is a clinical measure to evaluate changes in the gross motor function in children with cerebral palsy (CP). There are two versions of GMFM: GMFM-88 and GMFM-66. Items on GMFM-88 span aspects of what World Health Organization International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health refers to as gross motor activity ranging from activities such as lying and rolling to walking, running and jumping skills. GMFM-66 consists of a subset of 88-items.The aim of GMFM-88/GMFM-66 is to evaluate a CP child gross motor ability, monitor the child’s development, assist with goal setting and planning therapy and evaluate the outcome of motor interventions and therapies. The GMFM version should be used depends on the aim and the population. If your aim was a detailed description of the child’s current motor ability and the child was very young, then GMFM-88 is the best one to choose. On the other hand, GMFM-66 uses fewer items which is more valid to measure the change over time in children with CP. GMFM-66-IS and GMFM-66-B&C are shorter versions of  GMFM-66 that are used for unilateral CP children.
Although GMFM was validated for CP children, GMFM-88 had evidence and validated to be used for Down syndrome and brain injury children. On the other hand, other than these populations the reliability and validity of the GMFM-88 is not yet established. The original validation sample included children from 5 months to 16 years old.There are five dimensions: A lying and Rolling; B: Sitting; C: Crawling and Kneeling; D: Standing; and E: Walking, Running and Jumping to assess the GMFM-88. While with the development of GMFM-66, goal area may be useful to assess children with CP but not to assess children wearing orthosis or using assistive devices. However, with development of GMFM-66, the need for goal areas is no longer necessary. The GMFM-88 may take 45 to 60 minutes to be administer, while the GMFM-66 may take 20 to 30 minutes to be administer. The environment should be comfortable for the child and equipped with the necessary items. This environment must remain the same overtime for reassessment. The equipment can be found in any standard physiotherapy gym. Therapists should be familiar with GMFM guidelines and score sheet prior to the assessment. Whatever version was choose to be administered, the same version must be used for reassessment for a child over time to eliminate the variability in scores and make the detection of true change more easy.

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Pages: 5 - 5

Immediate effect of dynamic and ballistic stretch as a warm up routines on the muscular performance among the normal subjects

Hussam Mohammed Al Saleh

purpose: To determine the acute effect of dynamic stretching on vertical jump height and also to determine the acute effect of ballistic stretching on vertical jump height.
Methods: Thirty normal subjects ranged in age from fifteen to twenty years were participated in this study. The study group A (10) and B (10) received Dynamic stretch, Ballistic stretching for 15 rep for 3 set for muscle group of plantar flexors, hip extensors and knee extensor of both leg. Group C (10) is control group receives only warm up exercise. Vertical jump (VJ) height is measured in pre and post intervention (as an outcome measure of muscular performance). 
Results: A statistical analysis is done from the data collected using paired and unpaired t-test. t value 2.100 and P <0.05.The entire three groups have shown statistically significant improvement in the vertical jump height. In addition, ballistic stretches have better improvement than the other two groups.
Conclusion: Results states that all the three groups have shown significant improvement the vertical jump performance among the untrained men. The ballistic stretching has superior hand in improving the vertical jump performance than the dynamic and control groups..

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Pages: 6 - 6

Effect of cognitive loading on blink reflex in normal young individuals

Nancy Kesarwani

An eyelid closure in response to some stimulus is a blink reflex. It is a polysynaptic brainstem reflex elicited by a sudden increase in intensity of stimulation in any modality. Cognitive load is used to refer to the load performing particular task imposes on person’s cognitive system. Both eye blinks and eye movements play a significant role in the processing of information by the brain and therefore have a strong influence on cognition.70 normal young individuals of either gender selected on the basis of selection criteria. Blink reflex of both sides was elicited with the help of bipolar stimulator blink reflex modes of E.M.G. apparatus. Cognitive loading was done with the help of brain games using handsets for 15 seconds. The reflex was elicited again and the recording was done. In this study blink reflex and cognitive load is being compared in terms of intensities rather than latencies and duration done in previous studies. It may be helpful in providing a base and making a treatment protocol on these many diseases like hemifacial spasm, post paralytic facial syndrome, lower facial muscles in diabetic neuropathy, Guillain-Barre  syndrome, polyneuropathies.

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Pages: 7 - 7

Thermo balancing therapy® and Dr Allen's Devices are an excellent physiotherapy tool for treating chronic conditions that cause pain and other troubling symptoms

Simon Allen

Thermo balancing therapy and Dr Allen’s Devices provide a side effects free treatment for common chronic internal disorders, such as back pain, chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS), benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and kidney stones. The therapy and Dr Allen’s Device received a US patent, as “Therapeutic device and method”. Thermo balancing therapy is based on a new understanding of the origin of diseases that states that all chronic internal diseases have the same root, the pathological activity of capillaries. As a result of changes in small blood vessels, the focus of hypothermia becomes a continuous trigger in the affected tissue, which slowly increases the pressure in the affected organ that gradually leads to its malfunction. Dr Allen’s Device applies thermo element(s), which accumulates the body heat and becomes the source of energy itself, tightly to the skin in the projection of the affected area eliminating the focus of hypothermia and, consequently, pain and other troubling symptoms. Two clinical trials on thermo balancing therapy in men with BPH and chronic prostatitis confirmed its effectiveness. After 6 months of use of DATD: in men with BPH, there was a decrease in the prostate volume (mL) from 45.1 to 31.8 and urinary symptoms score from 14.3 to 4.7; in men with chronic prostatitis, pain reduction ranges from 10.3 to 3.5, and prostate volume (mL) from 31.7 to 27.0. There were no changes in the control groups.

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Pages: 8 - 8

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and other neuro-cognitive factors contributing to Road Traffic Accidents (RTAs)

Thaddeus P. Ulzen

Road traffic accidents (RTAs) are among the leading causes of mortality worldwide. RTAs are multi-factorial in origin but neuro-cognitive function of drivers contribute about 25% of the variance of most accidents.This presentation reviews the commonest disorders that contribute to RTAs. They are Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Specific Learning Disabilities (e.g.Dyslexia), Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in adolescents and young adult drivers and Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) and Dementia in older drivers. The features of these disorders and how they impair driving along with evidence-based treatments and interventions are discussed. Increasing awareness of these disorders, screening for them and offering treatment when appropriate, can contribute to reducing the disease burden related to RTAs, which currently rank as the 8th leading cause death across all ages globally. More attention to this dimension of road safety and the identified disorders will contribute to preventing the rising toll of road accidents globally.  Failure to do so systematically in all jurisdictions, constitutes a significant public health problem which requires much needed attention.

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Pages: 9 - 9

Yoga specific therapy on fibromyalgia

Turkan Ozturk

statement of the Problem: Fibromyalgia is a disorder characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain accompanied by fatigue, sleep, memory and mood issues. Research show that fibromyalgia amplifies painful sensations by affecting the way your brain processes pain signals. It's not easy to spot fibromyalgia. This is one disease that doesn't have many visible signs. Most symptoms of fibromyalgia, includes pain, muscle tenderness, and fatigue. These signs are hard to see and spot on in day to day life and confusing as well. Although fibromyalgia isn't fatal, it can have serious, lifelong effects. A painful disease like arthritis or an infection raises your chances of getting fibromyalgia. emotional or physical abuse. Children who are abused are more likely to have the condition when they grow up. This may happen because abuse changes the way the brain handles pain and stress. 
Methodology and Theoretical Orientation: Numerous body types and physiological variations like height, weight and limb length diagnosed with Fibromyglia were tested and prescribed with specific stretching technique.
Findings: People who started this yoga specific muscle stretches were found to have reduced pain which was equivalent to the pain reduced my drugs.
Conclusion and Significance: Patients who were diagnosed with fibromyalgia and underwent yoga specific stretches were able to control their muscle pain caused by fibromyalgia significantly and more efficiently than under generalized exercise pattern.


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Pages: 10 - 10

Effect of food preference and mothers nutritional knowledge on obesity in schoolgirls in Saudi Arabia: a case-control study

Zainab J Al-Nass

Childhood obesity is a major public health challenge of the 21st century, with lifelong health consequences. The Objectives are: (1) to assess the effect of the child’s knowledge of food, and food preferences on the child’s body mass index (BMI). (2) to investigate the relationship between the child’s BMI  and the mother’s nutritional knowledge and attitude towards healthy food. Data collection was carried out from November 2017 to February 2018. A multistage stratified cluster random sampling technique was used. Four schools were selected based on size and equal numbers of participants were included from each cluster. From each grade, one class was selected randomly. Out of total 442 students measured BMI, A total of 116 cases and 232 controls were included in the study. The weight and height were recorded, BMI calculated, and the students were divided into obese/ overweight group and the normal weight group from which cases and control randomly selected thereafter. Data were collected by face to face interview with the girl, and a self-administrated questionnaire was sent to the student's mother Results were presented as adjusted Odds Ratio (aOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). After controlling for the confounding variables, more healthy food preferences in children and higher mother's knowledge were associated with 77% and 51% reduced odds of obesity (aOR = 0.23 95% CI 0.09–0.64 and aOR = 0.49 95% CI 0.33–0.71). Healthy food preferences among girls and adequate nutritional knowledge among their mothers were significantly associated with decreased obesity in girls. Forest plot showing an adjusted odds ratio of overweight-obesity and 95% confidence interval for different risk factors.

Editor Note

Pages: 11 - 11

Editors Note for Journal of Physiotherapy & Physical Rehabilitation

Dario Furnari


I am delighted to introduce Journal of Physiotherapy & Physical Rehabilitation (JPPR) of LONGDOM Publishing Group, one of the renowned journals in the area of physiotherapy and physical rehabilitation. Journal of Physiotherapy & Physical Rehabilitation is an open access publication that features scientific works, researches of all fields of physiotherapy including; Rehabilitation often focuses on physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech-language therapy and treatment of pain. The process of regaining your strength, relearn skills or find new ways of doing things you did before, After a serious injury, illness or surgery, you may recover slowly. Recently a lots of change in physiotherapy practice, From using the movements as treatment means to the effect of microgravity on human body system and integration of knowledge from development of pain science with changing facets of rehabilitation along with uses of ultra-modern technical support in motion study and electrotherapy with integration of ergonomics and artificial limb and robotics research is rapidly changing the scope and limitations of physiotherapy practice. Journal of Physiotherapy & Physical Rehabilitation is perusing a genuine stage for the understudies, employees, specialists included and intrigued by this subject. It acknowledges research take a shot at all related fields of physiotherapy such as Geriatric Physiotherapy, Pediatric Physiotherapy, Neurological physiotherapy, cardiopulmonary physiotherapy, etc. Physiotherapy Conference will discuss on the topics such as Physiotherapy & Physiotherapy Techniques, Sports & Physiotherapy, Sports Medicine, Neurological Rehabilitation, Women’s Health and Pediatric Physiotherapy, Geriatric Physiotherapy and Chiropractic care, Physiotherapy in Oncology & Palliative Care and Rehabilitation Methods. The Journal releases issues 6 times in a year and has completed 23 years started since 1998 accept original research articles, review articles, perspectives, case report, short communication, editorials etc. In the year of 2019 it has completed with 22nd volume and currently 23rd volume is going in the year 2020. During 2020 total 10 number of articles has been published in 3 issues from which few are from developed countries and few from developing countries and few conference abstracts. The objective of JPPR is to publish up-to-date, high- quality and original research papers alongside relevant and insightful reviews. As such, the journal pursue to be vibrant, engaging and accessible, and at the same time integrative and challenging. Each issue of the journal will contain Research Papers, will be more traditional in form and will demonstrate a sound theoretical and methodological underpinning and a clear contribution to knowledge in the field of Physiotherapy discipline. All types of papers, however, will be subject to the journal’s single-blind peer review process. Needless to say, any papers that author wish to submit, either individually or collaboratively, are much appreciated and will make a substantial contribution to the early development and success of the journal.

The journal is having Index Copernicus Value: 84.95; Journal of Physiotherapy & Physical Rehabilitation is also indexed online in the following programmes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Medline (PubMed), PsycINFO, Embase, Excerpta Medica, Scopus & African Index Medicus (AIM). African Journal of Physiotherapy & Physical Rehabilitation is also indexed online in the following programmes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Medline (PubMed), PsycINFO, Embase, Excerpta Medica, Scopus & African Index Medicus (AIM). It provides Membership for the journal along with reprints of the article as per authors demand. Handling social media platforms helps in journal growth. Journal uses Twitter and LinkedIn and connect with Researchers, Scientists, and Doctors worldwide to promote the published articles, new trends and news regarding physiotherapy and physical disorders along with journals to increase the page views and to get manuscripts for publication purpose. I take this opportunity to acknowledge the contribution of Dr. Dario Furnari, during the editing of articles published and the support rendered by the Managing Editor, in bringing out issues of JPPR in time. I would also like to thank and express my gratitude to all the authors, reviewers, readers, the publisher, the advisory and the editorial board members of JPPR, for their trust & endless support in bringing out another volume of “Journal of Physiotherapy & Physical Rehabilitation” and looking forward for their continuous support during journal growth in upcoming days.






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