31st World Nano Conference | Journal of Nanosciences: Current Research

Journal of Nanosciences: Current Research

ISSN: 2572-0813

Open Access

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Past Conference Editorial of Nano 2020

Riny Yolandha Parapat

The 31st  World Nano Conference hosted by Conference Series LLC was successfully held during November 24, 2020 as a Webinar and was marked with the presence of the committee members, senior scientists, young and brilliant researchers, business delegates and talented students from various countries, who made this conference successful and productive.

We extend our grateful thanks to all the momentous speakers, conference attendees who contributed towards the successful run of the conference

Nano 2020 witnessed an amalgamation of peerless speakers who enlightened the crowd with their knowledge and confabulated on various latest and exciting innovations in all areas of Nanotechnology.

Nano 2020 Organizing Committee extends its gratitude and congratulates the Honorable Moderators of the conference.

Conference Series LLC Ltd extends its warm gratitude to all the Honorable Guests and Keynote Speakers of “Nano 2020”.

  • Riny Yolandha Parapat, Technical University Berlin, Germany

Conference Series LLC Ltd is privileged to felicitate Nano Congress 2020 Organizing Committee, Keynote Speakers, Chairs & Co-Chairs and the Moderators of the conference whose support and efforts made the conference to move on the path of success. Conference Series LLC LTD thanks every individual participant for the enormous exquisite response. This inspires us to continue organizing events and conferences for further research in the field of Nanotechnology

Conference Series LLC Ltd is glad to announce its “32rd World Nano Conference for, which will be held during October 25-26, 2021 at Zurich, Switzerland. We cordially welcome all the eminent researchers, Presidents, CEO’s, Nanotechnology scientists and researchers in Nano sectors, Delegates to take part in this upcoming conference to witness invaluable scientific discussions and contribute to the future innovations in the field of Nanotechnology with 20% abatement on the Early Bird Prices.

Bookmark your dates for “Nano 2021, Zurich” as the Nominations for Best Poster Awards and Young Researcher Awards are open across the world.

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Study of effect of functionalization of black phosphorene on its spin-transport and magnetic properties

Shweta Meena

First-principles spin-polarized density functional theory investigations are reported to understand the effect of functionalization (vanadium and titanium) on tunelling magnetoresistance (TMR) and spin-polarized transport of black phosphorene ( ) nanosheet based magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) with CrO2 as electrodes. The results show, vanadium adsorbed black phosphorene based structure exhibits better spin filtration and high TMR, as compared to titanium adsorbed black phosphorene and pristine black phosphorene based structures. In addition, vanadium adsorbed black phosphorene nanosheet exhibits ferromagnetic behaviour with a magnetic moment of  . The magnetic moment for pristine black phosphorene and titanium adsorbed black phosphorene nanosheets are reported to be   and  , respectively. Higher TMR, better spin filtration and ferromagnetic behaviour for vanadium adsorbed black phosphorene based structure opens up its possibility as spin filter (injector) in MTJs and other spin-based devices.

Past Conference Report

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Nano Asphalt Production Using Micro emulation and Sonication Method: Yield Optimization Using Surface Response

Riny Yolandha Parapat

The largest natural asphalt deposit in the world is located in Buton Island (Indonesia) which is around 677 million tons. Efforts in utilizing the Asbuton rock to produce asphalt as the replacement of petroleum asphalt have been carried out by other researchers, but they only produced a conventional type of asphalt. Also in general, the method that was used is quite expensive. The conventional asphalt in road pavement is unable to withstand traffic loads and excessive temperatures, resulting in deformation. This research is about making nano asphalt from Asbuton rock with using a combination of microemulsion technique and sonication. The advantage of this technique is the effectiveness of the process in producing the nano asphalt, that is by extracting the asphalt from the pores of Asbuton rock simultaneously forming (in-situ) the nanoparticles. Experimental variables that are varied in this study are the temperature, oil fraction, type of solvent, particle size, and type of surfactant (HLB). To find the optimum Yield of nano asphalt, the involved variables are simulated and optimized by using Factorial Design, Pareto Diagram, and Response Surface methods. The comprehensive results from the simulation are presented in this report including the significant variables which were optimized to produce the optimum Yield of nano asphalt. The optimum Yield of nano asphalt theoretically generated from Response Surface ranged between 80 – 99.90 %. The results of validation with experiments using optimized variables show the similarity between the optimum Yields and the simulated Yields value. The produced nano asphalt were investigated by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Infrared Spectrophotometer (IR) and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) to prove the quality of nano asphalt.


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Nanomaterials for adsorption of contaminants in water

Y. Vicente-Martínez

Currently, methods of water disinfection, decontamination and desalination can mitigate some of the problems related to water pollution. These treatment methods are generally chemically and energy intensive, so heavy investments are required. In addition, they are not able to eliminate the presence of some pollutants which are in very small concentrations, but that even at these levels involve a risk to society, such as drugs, detergents or heavy metals. Nanotechnology is the potential solution for long-term water forecasting with techniques such as filtration, the use of nanoparticles in catalysis and desalination. Moreover, with the development of nanotechnology, conventional techniques used in water treatment such as adsorption, flocculation and coagulation can be enhanced. Pharmaceuticals are products used in large doses in daily life considered as contaminants of emerging concern. Due to the large amounts of drugs consumed, the hydrogenic sources suffer from contamination processes that give rise to toxicological effects in humans despite its low concentrations. Many medicines considered as emerging contaminants are constantly detected in groundwater, wastewater treatment plants and water supply. The inefficiency of conventional methods used in water treatment plants to remove the contaminant motivates the development of effective methods to treat effluent contamination. Nanoparticles have been employed in recent studies to remove emerging pollutants from different media due to its very small size and high contact surface, thus achieving a high adsorption efficiency. Heavy metals present in water are also easily removed by emulating nanostructured adsorbents.

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Effectiveness in the absorption of X-rays by composite materials doped with graphene

Fernando Gimeno-Bellver

In the University Center of Defense in San Javier, composite sheets based on carbon fiber and epoxy matrix have been prepared, with some of them doped with graphene oxide or with 0.1% graphite from Sigma-Aldritch and manufatured by us.

These sheets were then irradiated with X-rays in the radiodiagnosis service of the Mesa del Castillo Hospital, Murcia, Spain. Radiation absorption measures via image analysis were performed and it has been shown that graphene-doped sheets absorb an important part of the X-ray intensity over a wide range of energy. These experiments were repeated over various ranges of frequency and energy with similar results.

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Antifungal Activity of Loaded Chitosan Nanoparticles with S-nitrosomercaptosuccinic acid against Candida sp.

Gabriela Moron

Introduction: Candida sp species are fungal pathogens that affect patients with risk pathologies. Due to the change in their conventional drug susceptibility patterns, it is necessary to investigate therapeutic alternatives. It is proposed to evaluate the antifungal potential of nitric oxide (NO), by administering it in the donor s-nitrosomercaptosuccinic acid (MSA-NO), encapsulated in chitosan nanoparticles (Np) to improve its bioavailability and inhibit the growth of Candida albicans, glabrata, krusei and parapsilosis.

Methods: Three batches of nanoparticles loaded with mercaptosuccinic acid (MSA-Np) were synthesized by ionic gelation. The effective particle diameter and polydispersity index were analyzed by dynamic light scattering and encapsulation efficiency by the Ellman reaction. After adding NaNO2, MSA-NO Np. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) against species of Candida sp. iwas determined by microdilution and the NO release profile was estimated by UV spectrophotometry.

Results: The MSA Np presented optimal values of effective particle diameter (241.69 ± 18.95 nm), polydispersity index (0.274 ± 0.015) and encapsulation efficiency (97.52 ± 0.07%). The MIC values of C. glabrata and C. albicans were 0.28 mg / mL and 2.25 mg / mL, respectively. The lowest CMI corresponded to C. krusei while C. albicans was the least susceptible to NO. The results did not vary significantly batch to batch.

Conclusions: A procedure of synthesis of MSA-NO Np with antifungal activity on Candida sp was validated. The antifungal potency varied according to the species. The chitosan of MSA-NO Np was useful as a polymer matrix for NO controlled release.

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