New strategies for malaria control are emphasizing ‘integrated vector management’. This approach reinforces linkages between health and environment, optimizing benefits to both. Integrated vector management is a dynamic and still-evolving field. IVM strategies are designed to achieve the greatest disease-control benefit in the most cost-effective manner, while minimizing negative impacts on ecosystems and adverse side-effects on public health.
Malaria control measures are used to contain malaria epidemics, prevent death and disability (mortality and morbidity), and to reduce socioeconomic loss. Such measures include: the early diagnosis and treatment of malaria; reducing the number of people being infected; and controlling the insect vector.