Two types of injectable bone substitutes (IBS) are presently under development in laboratories. The first consists of ionic hydraulic cements which set in vivo after injection. Their components need to be mixed before injection, and hardening is achieved by recrystallization of the mineral phase and the second type consists of CaP ceramic suspensions in carrier phase which are ready to use. Injectable biomaterial has recently been developed, whose combines a polymeric water solution viscous phase (non-ionic cellulose ether) with bioactive CaP ceramic granules.
Related Journals for Injectable bone substitute material
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