Understanding laser materials processing: the dichotomy between laser damage and laser machining

Journal of Lasers, Optics & Photonics

ISSN: 2469-410X

Open Access

Understanding laser materials processing: the dichotomy between laser damage and laser machining

Joint Event on 6th International Conference on Photonics & 7th International Conference on Laser Optics

July 31- August 02, 2017 Milan, Italy

Manyalibo J Matthews

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, USA

Keynote: J Laser Opt Photonics

Abstract :

In the decades since the invention of the laser, new applications and discoveries in materials science have continued year after year as laser sources evolve and more areas of research exploit them. The transformation of materials using focused, high irradiance laser beams fundamentally involves multiple physical phenomena such as optical absorption, heat transport, structural mechanics and material phase transitions. For example, nonlinear absorption of nanosecond pulsed laser light can lead to a nano-scale thermal runaway effects and subsequent damage, which can be detrimental in the operation of high power laser systems. On the other hand, laser processing of materials often involves ablative removal of material or transformations which rely on efficient coupling of laser energy into a work piece. In both cases, understanding laser-material interactions is essential for the optimization of the high power optical system design. In this talk, we will present a few examples of high photon flux laser material processing, using both experiment and finite element modeling to understand energy deposition, heat transport and material transformation. Specifically, we will explore the conditions which bring about optical damage in ultraviolet Q-switched laser optics and compare these conditions to those used in typical microscale laser materials processing technologies. Among the laser processing techniques discussed, we will focus on microsecond-pulsed, resonant IR laser heating for laser micro-machining and metal powder bed additive manufacturing (3D printing). We will discuss how our results can be used to elucidate material behavior, optimize processing and develop new technologies based on laser modified materials.

Biography :

Manyalibo J Matthews currently serves as Deputy Group Leader in the Optical Materials and Target Science group in MSD. He holds a PhD in Physics from MIT and a BS in Applied Physics from UC Davis. His research interests at LLNL include novel applications in laser-assisted material processing (e.g. metal additive manufacturing, laser-based CVD, nano-coarsening of metal films, non-contact laser polishing of glass), optical damage science, vibrational spectroscopy and in-situ optical characterization of transient processes. Prior to LLNL, he was a Member of Technical Staff at Bell Labs and worked on materials characterization of optical devices using novel spectroscopic techniques, stress-induced birefringence management in planar optical devices and research in advanced broadband access networks. He is a Fellow of the Optical Society of America.

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Citations: 279

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