Super-luminescence in wide bandgap nitride semiconductors

Journal of Lasers, Optics & Photonics

ISSN: 2469-410X

Open Access

Super-luminescence in wide bandgap nitride semiconductors

5th International Conference and Exhibition on Lasers, Optics & Photonics

November 28-30, 2016 Atlanta, USA

Muhammad Maqbool

Ball State University, USA

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Laser Opt Photonics

Abstract :

Speed of light in vacuum (c = 3 x 108 m/s) is the fastest speed in the universe as described in the Einstein Theory of Special Relativity. This is the upper limit of motion and no material object can reach this speed. When light travels through a transparent material, its speed decreases and it takes longer time to transit than the time it takes to travel the same length in vacuum. The ratio of the speed of light in vacuum and the speed of light inside a material gives an optical property of the material called index of refraction or refractive index â??nâ??. Since the speed of light in a material is less than its vacuum speed therefore n â?¥1. A material, in which light moves faster than its vacuum speed, is called a super-luminescent material. A material becomes super-luminescent if itâ??s n<1.Thin films of pure AlN and AlN doped with Ho+3 and Gd+3 are deposited by RF magnetron sputtering. The deposited films are amorphous and their thickness varies between 50 nm and 400 nm. These films are investigated for their optical properties and index of refraction using ellipsometric techniques. The index of refraction of pure AlN is found to be 1.95. The index of refraction of Ho (less than 1%) and Gd (less than 1%) doped AlN is observed to be slightly lower than pure AlN. The concentration of Gd dopant is increased several times. The increasing concentration of Gd kept lowering the refractive index of AlN. When the concentration of Gd dopant increased to 5 times its initial concentration of 1 %, the index of refraction of AlN dropped below 1. The value n<1 clearly makes AlN a super-luminescent material. Work is in progress to see the effect of increasing Gd concentration on the optical properties of other nitride semiconductors.

Biography :


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