NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, USA
Keynote: J Laser Opt Photonics
Laser heterodyne radiometry is a technique based on radio receiver technology that has been in use since the 1970s for measuring trace gases in the atmosphere such as ozone, water vapor, methane, ammonia, and chlorine monoxide. Earlier iterations of this technique featured large, high-powered lasers that limited widespread use and the potential for commericalization. With the relatively recent availability of distributive feedback (DFB) lasers, it has become possible to make this technique low-cost, low-power, and portable. The miniaturized laser heterodyne radiometer (mini-LHR) is a passive variation of this technology developed at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center that measures methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmospheric column by mixing sunlight and DFB laser light in the infrared. The entire instrument fits on a backpack and operates on a fold-out 35 watt solar panel. Over the course of its development, the mini-LHR has been field tested in a range of locations and conditions including urban locations in Washington, DC and Los Angeles, a high-altitude site at Mauna Loa observatory in Hawaii, a rural location in upper Wisconsin, and a dairy farm in California. Recently, the miniLHR was used to monitor CH4 and CO2 over varying thawing permafrost terrains. In the image, the mini-LHR (right) is shown in a collapse scar bog next to an eddy flux tower (left) at a field site near Fairbanks, Alaska. The mini-LHR operates in tandem with AERONET - a global network of more than 500 sensors that measure aerosol optical depth. The benefit of this partnership is that the mini-LHR could be readily deployed into this global network and provide validation for satellite missions as well as a long-term stand alone data product.
Emily Wilson specializes in Instrument Development for measurement of atmospheric trace gases. She joined NASA in 2005 after working there as an NRC Postdoc. She leads two instrument developments: a laser heterodyne radiometer for column measurements of CO2, CH4, and H2O, and a miniaturized gas correlation radiometer for measurements of CH4, CH2O, H2O, and CO2 in the Martian atmosphere.
Journal of Lasers, Optics & Photonics received 279 citations as per Google Scholar report