Drift Dynamics in a Tube: Binary Simulations

Fluid Mechanics: Open Access

ISSN: 2476-2296

Open Access

Short Communication - (2022) Volume 9, Issue 9

Drift Dynamics in a Tube: Binary Simulations

Karl Mac*
*Correspondence: Karl Mac, Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Copilco Universidad, CDMX, Mexico, Email:
Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Copilco Universidad, CDMX, Mexico

Received: 02-Sep-2022, Manuscript No. fmoa-23-85845; Editor assigned: 03-Sep-2022, Pre QC No. P-85845; Reviewed: 16-Sep-2022, QC No. Q-85845; Revised: 20-Sep-2022, Manuscript No. R-85845; Published: 27-Sep-2022 , DOI: 10.37421/2476-2296.2022.9.253
Citation: Mac, Karl. “Drift Dynamics in a Tube: Binary Simulations.” Fluid Mech Open Acc 9 (2022): 253.
Copyright: © 2022 Mac K. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


The importance of the auxiliary stream that forms at the intersection of the blade and the cylinder, as well as connection with shear layers separate from the balancing surface, in creating complicated three-layered structures, was identified. For example, the horseshoe vortex structure that forms during communication between the chamber and the liquid stream. As a result, the architecture of the wake and its behaviour are more intricate than those seen in banks of smooth cylinders. Broadened surfaces are used in a variety of applications, including heat recuperation boilers, air-cooled heat exchangers, and others. Annular and winding finned tube banks are the most commonly used widened surfaces, and the methods for calculating heat transfer and strain drop on these surfaces are important. The trial studies of the stream elements and the neighbourhood heat motion, both in the channel framed by two blades and in the chamber, serve as the foundation for these ideas.


Nonetheless, regardless of the expansion in heat move got by a bank of cylinders with slanted or funnel shaped balances when contrasted with a bank of cylinders with a plain round blade with a comparable region, there is an absence of mathematical investigations of stream elements and intensity move in tubes with slanted blades. To the extent that the creators know, there is just a single work on this point over the most recent 20 years. Adjustments to annular or winding blades have been proposed to improve convective intensity move, essentially to irritate the stream, obliterate the limit layer, or create optional stream. To get an exhaustive clarification of the complicated system that improves heat move in this sort of broadened surfaces, trial examinations are sufficiently not.

The computational liquid elements (CFDs) procedure has demonstrated to be a valuable device for dissecting convective intensity move in finned tubes, as well as in plate blade tube heat exchangers, in the investigation of minimal intensity exchangers and the examination of stream elements on broadened surfaces with complex math, for example, creased winding balances, wavy blades, plain blades with a delta winglet pair, and serrated balances [1-4].

The article is coordinated into three segments. Segment 2 presents the exploratory review's discoveries. Segment 3 presents the aftereffects of the mathematical examination led utilizing the restrictive program familiar. Area 4 of the paper examines the computational estimations of the stream elements in the cylinder with slanted balances and in the wake improvement. At last, in Section 5, the discoveries of both mathematical reenactments are contrasted and the actual exploratory information of the strain coefficient appropriation. In accordance with the abovementioned, the inspiration of this article is to perform mathematical displaying on the stream elements in a cylinder with 45-degree slanted balances, utilizing open-source programming, and contrast the outcomes with both trial and exclusive programming results [5].

Finned tubes increment the convective intensity move in heat exchangers, diminishing the complete energy utilization of coordinated modern cycles. Because of its security and strength, Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) business programming is for the most part used for examining complex frameworks; in any case, its permitting is costly. These days, open-source programming is a reasonable substitute for exclusive programming. This work presents a CFD examination of the hydrodynamics of a finned tube utilizing the OpenFOAM and SALOME Meca stages. The outcomes are contrasted and exploratory information and CFD utilizing the business programming Fluent, both recently announced in the open writing.

The phenomenon of thermally induced two-phase flow instability is of interest in the design and operation of many industrial systems and equipment, such as steam generators, boiling water reactors, thermosiphons, reboilers, refrigeration plants, and some chemical processing systems [1].

Oscillations of flow rate and system pressure are undesirable, as they can cause mechanical vibrations, problems of system control, and in extreme circumstances, disturb the heat transfer characteristics so that the heat transfer surface may burn-out. In a recirculating plant, where burn-out must be avoided, flow oscillations could lead to transient burn-out. Under certain circumstances, large flow oscillations can lead to tube failures due to increases in wall temperatures. Another cause of failure would be due to thermal fatigue resulting from continual cycling of the wall temperature; the thermal stresses set up in the wall and the cladding material in nuclear reactor fuel elements can cause mechanical breakdown, leading to more serious accidents, such as release of radioactive materials. It is clear from these examples that the flow instabilities must be avoided, and every effort needs to be made to ensure that any two-phase system has an adequate margin against them.


Flow stability is of particular importance in water-cooled and watermoderated nuclear reactors, and steam generators. The safe operating regime of a two-phase heat exchanger can be determined by the instability threshold values of such system parameters as flow rate, pressure, wall temperatures, and exit mixture quality. The designer’s job is to predict the threshold of flow instability so that one can design around it in order to avoid the unwanted instabilities.



Conflict of Interest

Not applicable.


  1. Baker, C. J. "The turbulent horseshoe vortex." J Wind Eng Ind Aerodyn 6 (1980): 9-23.
  2. Google Scholar, Crossref, Indexed at

  3. Baker, C. J. "The oscillation of horseshoe vortex systems." (1991): 489-495.
  4. Google Scholar, Crossref, Indexed at

  5. Pongsoi, Parinya, Santi Pikulkajorn, and Somchai Wongwises. "Heat transfer and flow characteristics of spiral fin-and-tube heat exchangers: A review." Int J Heat Mass Transf 79 (2014): 417-431.
  6. Google Scholar, Crossref, Indexed at

  7. Pis’mennyi, E. N., A. M. Terekh, G. P. Polupan and I. Carvajal-Mariscal, et al. "Universal relations for calculation of the drag of transversely finned tube bundles." Int J Heat Mass Transf 73 (2014): 293-302.
  8. Google Scholar, Crossref, Indexed at

  9. Pis’mennyi, E. N. "An asymptotic approach to generalizing the experimental data on convective heat transfer of tube bundles in crossflow." Int J Heat Mass Transf 54 (2011): 4235-4246.
  10. Google Scholar, Crossref, Indexed at

arrow_upward arrow_upward