Computer Vision-Based Intelligent Evaluation Technique for Human Cervical Vertebra Rehabilitation

Journal of Spine

ISSN: 2165-7939

Open Access

Opinion - (2023) Volume 12, Issue 1

Computer Vision-Based Intelligent Evaluation Technique for Human Cervical Vertebra Rehabilitation

Aelen Coper*
*Correspondence: Aelen Coper, Department of Paediatrics, Albany Medical College, Albany, USA, Email:
Department of Paediatrics, Albany Medical College, Albany, USA

Received: 02-Feb-2023, Manuscript No. jsp-23-95303; Editor assigned: 04-Feb-2023, Pre QC No. P-95303; Reviewed: 16-Feb-2023, QC No. Q-95303; Revised: 22-Feb-2023, Manuscript No. R-95303; Published: 28-Feb-2023 , DOI: 10.37421/2795-7939.2023.12.579
Citation: Coper, Aelen. “Computer Vision-Based Intelligent Evaluation Technique for Human Cervical Vertebra Rehabilitation.” J Spine12 (2023): 580.
Copyright: © 2023 Coper A. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Research has shown that parental salivary oxytocin improves promptly in reaction to baby inspiration. Oxytocin is a hormone that is released during social interactions, particularly between parents and their children, and has been linked to bonding, trust, and social behaviour [1]. However, while salivary OT increased rapidly during direct interaction with the infant (social interaction tests) and/or when the mother watched her own infant's video (video tests), there was no increase in serum. To clarify these single-subject results, we used social interaction and video tests on a group of mothers (nine for social interaction and six for video testing). The mothers had increased OT in their saliva but not in their serum in both tests. Our findings suggest that salivary samples can reflect not only physical but also emotional states, and that saliva samples can be used to monitor women's OT levels during the preand postpartum periods [2]. The results showed that parental salivary oxytocin levels increased significantly after viewing pictures and videos of their own baby, but not after viewing pictures and videos of other babiesOxytocin (OT) is a neuropeptide that plays a role in social behaviour and reproduction in humans. Non-invasive OT levels in saliva have recently piqued the interest of researchers because they do not require a specialised medical setting. We tracked OT concentration changes in one woman's basal serum and saliva OT from pregnancy to one year postpartum. We looked at how salivary OT levels changed over time in response to maternal physiological and behavioural responses. During pregnancy and breastfeeding, the fluctuation of saliva OT levels is well correlated with serum OT [3].

These findings suggest that the release of oxytocin in response to baby inspiration may play a role in parent-child bonding and attachment. Furthermore, the study supports the idea that oxytocin may be a key factor in the development of parental caregiving behaviors, as it promotes feelings of warmth and affection towards the child. In conclusion, the research provides insight into the neurobiological mechanisms that underlie parent-child bonding and attachment. It highlights the importance of parent-child interactions in promoting the release of oxytocin and suggests that interventions that promote positive interactions between parents and their children may be beneficial for promoting healthy parent-child relationships [4].


Human OT levels have been measured in plasma, serum, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid samples (CSF). Each method of collection has advantages and disadvantages. CSF reflects central OT levels but necessitates a lumbar puncture, which is highly invasive and only performed by doctors. Urine collection is less invasive and does not necessitate the use of professionals, but the temporal resolution is low, as with CSF collection. Blood collection, in comparison, requires the assistance of a medical professional but is less invasive than CSF collection and has a much higher temporal resolution than the other two sample types. As a result, collecting plasma or serum has been the most commonly used method for detecting OT levels, particularly in studies of pregnant women. In contrast, genomic changes in OT signaling-related genes are associated with poor maternal behaviour quality. For example, risk alleles of the OXTR and CD38 geneswhich have been linked to social dysfunctions, were linked to less parental touch toward their infants and less parent-infant gaze synchrony. Furthermore, as found in animal studies, a lack of emotional and physical contact from parents has an impact on children's OT systems. Maltreated children or children raised by a mother suffering from mental illness, such as postpartum depression, have deregulated OT systems, according to research. Evidence suggests that negative social relationships in childhood have a lifelong impact on children and are likely to cause mental illness or social inability. As a result, a better understanding of the underlying physiology of normal and abnormal mother-child interactions related to their OT systems is required, as well as expanded association studies of OT signalling and maternal behaviours and/or bonding in humans [5].


The amount and quality of parenting behaviours have been shown to correlate with OT signalling pathways in rodents, rhesus macaques, and humans, and the OT signalling pathways of offspring in rhesus macaques and prairie voles are highly modulated by their experience in youth. In prairie voles, disrupted maternal care is said to have a big impact on the offspring's social behaviour. These OT roles in maternal behaviour and mother-child bonding are also present in humans. OT in maternal plasma and saliva has been linked to postpartum social behaviour in mothers. The interaction with the parent causes the infant's OT release, and the association between the parent's and infant's OT levels was stronger when affect synchrony was higher.



Conflict of Interest



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