GET THE APP

An Editorial Note on Cardiovascular Disease
..

Cardiovascular Diseases & Diagnosis

ISSN: 2329-9517

Open Access

Editorial - (2022) Volume 10, Issue 1

An Editorial Note on Cardiovascular Disease

Laurent Payot*
*Correspondence: Laurent Payot, Department of Cardiology, General Hospital Yves Le Foll, Saint-Brieuc, France, Email:
Department of Cardiology, General Hospital Yves Le Foll, Saint-Brieuc, France

Date of Submission: 04-Jan-2022, Manuscript No. jcdd-22-53066; Editor assigned: 06-Jan-2022, Pre QC No. P-53066; Reviewed: 18-Jan-2022, QC No. Q-53066; Revised: 24-Jan-2022, Manuscript No. R-53066; Published: 31-Jan-2022 , DOI: 10.37421/2329-9517.22.10.474
Citation: Payot, Laurent. “An Editorial Note on Cardiovascular Disease.” J Cardiovasc Dis Diagn 10 (2022): 474.
Copyright: © 2022 Payot L. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Editorial

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death worldwide, claiming the lives of an estimated 17.9 million people per year. Coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular illness, rheumatic heart disease, and other heart and blood vessel problems are all classified as CVDs. Heart attacks and strokes account for more than four out of every five CVD deaths, with one-third of these deaths occurring before the age of 70 [1]. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) refers to a group of illnesses affecting the heart and blood arteries. Coronary artery diseases (CAD), such as angina and myocardial infarction, are examples of CVD (commonly known as a heart attack). Stroke, heart failure, hypertension, rheumatic heart disease, cardiomyopathy, irregular heart rhythms, congenital heart disease, valvular heart disease, carditis, aortic aneurysms, peripheral artery disease, thromboembolic disease, and venous thrombosis are some of the other CVDs [2].

The underlying mechanisms differ depending on the illness. CVD mortality is thought to be caused by dietary risk factors in 53 percent of cases. Coronary artery disease, stroke, and peripheral artery disease are all examples of atherosclerosis [3]. High blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, obesity, high blood cholesterol, poor diet, excessive alcohol consumption, and poor sleep, to name a few factors, can all play a role. High blood pressure is considered to be responsible for approximately 13% of CVD deaths, with tobacco accounting for 9%, diabetes for 6%, lack of exercise for 6%, and obesity accounting for 5% [4]. Rheumatic heart disease can develop if strep throat is not treated. Sudden weakness of the face, arm, or leg, usually on one side of the body, is the most typical indication of a stroke [5-7].

Other signs and symptoms include:

• Numbness of the face, arm, or leg, particularly on one side of the body

• Confusion, difficulty speaking or understanding speech

• Difficulty seeing with one or both eyes

• Difficulty walking, dizziness, and/or loss of balance or coordination

• Severe headache with no known cause; and/or

• Fainting or unconsciousness.

Abnormal heart rhythms, or arrhythmias; aorta disease and Marfan syndrome are examples of cardiovascular disorders that affect the structure or function of your heart [8]. Congenital heart disease (CHD) is a type of congenital cardiac defect Heart attack; Heart failure; cardiomyopathy (heart muscle illness); Coronary artery disease (narrowing of the arteries); heart valve disease pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis Coronary artery disease (narrowing of the arteries); Coronary artery disease (narrowing of the arteries); Coronary artery disease (narrowing of the arteries); Coronary artery disease (narrowing of the arteries); Coronary artery disease (narrowing of the arteries); Coronary artery disease (narrowing of the arteries); Coronary artery disease (n Coronary artery disease (narrowing of the arteries in the heart) is a condition in which the arteries in the heart Stroke; Vascular disease; Rheumatic heart disease Pericardial illness is a condition that affects the heart. vascular disease of the periphery; Stroke; Vascular disease; Rheumatic heart disease (blood vessel disease) [9].

Cardiovascular disease is the main cause of death in the United States. It's vital to understand your heart in order to help prevent heart disease. If you have it, knowing about it and taking care of yourself can help you live a more active and fulfilling life [10].

Types of cardiovascular disease

There are numerous types of CVD. The following are four of the most common types:

Coronary Heart Disease (CHD): When the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle is stopped or decreased, coronary heart disease develops.

Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA): A stroke occurs when a portion of the brain's blood supply is cut off, resulting in brain damage and possibly death.

The blood supply to the brain is temporarily disturbed in a transient ischemic attack (also known as a TIA or "mini-stroke").

Peripheral arterial disease: Peripheral arterial disease is caused by a blockage in the arteries that supply blood to the limbs, most commonly the legs.

Aortic disease: Aortic illnesses refer to a set of ailments that affect the aorta. The aorta is the body's major blood conduit, carrying blood from the heart to the rest of the body.

References

  1. Balakumar P, Maung UK, and Jagadeesh G. “Prevalence and prevention of cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus.” Pharmacol Res 113 (2016): 600–609.
  2. Google Scholar, Crossref, Indexed at

  3. Huo X, Gao L, Guo L, and Xu W, et al. “Risk of non-fatal cardiovascular diseases in early-onset versus late-onset type 2 diabetes in China: a cross-sectional study.” Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol 4 (2016):115–124.
  4. Google Scholar, Crossref, Indexed at

  5. Danaei G, Lawes CM, Vander Hoorn S, and Murray CJ. “Global and regional mortality from ischaemic heart disease and stroke attributable to higher-than-optimum blood glucose concentration: comparative risk assessment.” Lancet 368 (2006): 1651–1659.
  6. Google Scholar, Crossref, Indexed at

  7. Shu J, and Santulli G. “Update on peripheral artery disease: epidemiology and evidence-based facts.” Atherosclerosis 275 (2018): 379–381.
  8. Google Scholar, Crossref, Indexed at

  9. Shu J, Matarese A, and Santulli G. “Diabetes, body fat, skeletal muscle, and hypertension: The ominous chiasmus?” J Clin Hypertens 21 (2019): 239–242.
  10. Google Scholar, Crossref, Indexed at

  11. Kayama Y, Raaz U, Jagger A, and Adam M, et al. “Diabetic cardiovascular disease induced by oxidative stress.” Int J Mol Sci 16 (2015): 25234–25263.
  12. Google Scholar, Crossref, Indexed at

  13. Feldman DI, Valero-Elizondo J, Salami JA, and Rana JS, et al. “Favorable cardiovascular risk factor profile is associated with lower healthcare expenditure and resource utilization among adults with diabetes mellitus free of established cardiovascular disease: 2012 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS).” Atherosclerosis 258 (2017): 79–83.
  14. Google Scholar, Crossref, Indexed at

  15. Ram E, Kogan A, Levin S, and Fisman EZ, et al. “Type 2 diabetes mellitus increases long-term mortality risk after isolated surgical aortic valve replacement.” Cardiovasc Diabetol 18 (2019): 31.
  16. Google Scholar, Crossref, Indexed at

  17. Sardu C, Paolisso P, Sacra C, and Mauro C, et al. “Effects of metformin therapy on COronary endothelial DYsfunction in prediabetic patients With stable angina and Non Obstructive Coronary Artery Stenosis: The CODYCE Multicenter Prospective Study.” Diabetes Care (2019).
  18. Google Scholar

  19. Santulli G, Pagano G, Sardu C, and Xie W, et al. “Calcium release channel RyR2 regulates insulin release and glucose homeostasis.” J Clin Invest 125 (2015): 1968–1978.
  20. Google Scholar, Crossref, Indexed at

Google Scholar citation report
Citations: 342

Cardiovascular Diseases & Diagnosis received 342 citations as per Google Scholar report

Cardiovascular Diseases & Diagnosis peer review process verified at publons

Indexed In

 
arrow_upward arrow_upward