Journal of Clinical Case Reports

ISSN: 2165-7920

Open Access

Ewa Konik

Nashville, TN

  • Case Report
    Coronary Artery Spasm, Hypertension, Hypokalemia and Licorice
    Author(s): Ewa Konik, Emily Graham Kurtz, Flora Sam and Douglas SawyerEwa Konik, Emily Graham Kurtz, Flora Sam and Douglas Sawyer

    Hypertension with hypokalemia, especially in a patient off diuretics, suggests a secondary hypertension due to an increase in mineralocorticoid activity, for example, primary increases in renin, aldosterone, or nonaldosterone mineralocorticoid secretion or an increased mineralocorticoid-like effect. Mineralocorticoid Receptors (MR) preferentially bind cortisol. A mineralocorticoid effect of cortisol is avoided in some tissues by expression of 11-Beta Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase type 2 (11 BHSD2), the enzyme responsible for transformation of cortisol to its 11-keto derivative (cortisone), which has minimal affinity for MR receptors. Only when cortisol is converted to the inactive cortisone can aldosterone bind to the MR. Rare congenital deficiency of 11 BHSD2 or its inhibition by licorice consumption mimics hyperaldosteronic state. .. Read More»
    DOI: 10.4172/2165-7920.1000143

    Abstract PDF

Relevant Topics

Google Scholar citation report
Citations: 1295

Journal of Clinical Case Reports received 1295 citations as per Google Scholar report

Journal of Clinical Case Reports peer review process verified at publons

Indexed In

arrow_upward arrow_upward