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Journal of Nanosciences: Current Research

ISSN: 2572-0813

Open Access

Volume 6, Issue 1 (2021)

Short Communication Pages: 1 - 1

Antimicrobial potential of Trichoderma-fused silver nanoparticles against pathogenic bacterial and fungal strains- Abhishek Mathur - Environmental Biotech & Engineering Co

Abhishek Mathur, Bina Pani Gupta and Vandana Shrivastava

The genus Trichoderma and its metabolites are meant for antimicrobial activity against the microbial strain and thus it's considered to be natural antimicrobial agents. Silver is additionally referred to as an antimicrobial agent and is employed in several antimicrobials and medications. within the present investigation, the nanoparticles were prepared both of Trichoderma and Ag+ separately and further fused Trichoderma and Ag+ nanoparticles were also prepared. Trichoderma harzianum secretes secondary metabolites which act as a capping and reducer. The biosynthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNps) were characterized by UV-Vis spectroscopy and transmission microscopy (TEM). UV-Vis spectra of silver and Trichoderma nanoparticles showed absorption spectra at 450 nm and 430 nm, respectively while fused nanoparticles showed absorption spectra at 415 nm like the surface Plasmon resonance of silver nanoparticles. the dimensions and morphology of the fused nanoparticles decided by TEM, which shows the formation of spherical nanoparticles within the size range of 8-24 nm. The Trichoderma-fused silver nanoparticles were assessed against pathogenic microorganisms viz., Staphylococcus aureus, Acinetobacter baumannii, Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, typhoid bacillus (PTCC 1609), Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Aspergillus niger and Candida albicans . The antimicrobial effect of silver nanoparticles against the pathogenic microorganisms was varied. Yet typhoid bacillus followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, were more sensitive and Acinetobacter baumannii was relatively less sensitive. additionally, the antimicrobial effect of Trichoderma-fused silver nanoparticles depends not only on the property (such as formation of free radical) but also trusted their shapes and sizes.
The anamorphic fungal genus Trichoderma (Hypocreales, Ascomycota) is cosmopolitan in soils and on decaying wood and other sorts of plant organic matter. Trichoderma species were among the foremost cosmopolitan and customary fungi in nature and exist in climates starting from the tundra to the tropics. this might be due to their diverse metabolic capability and aggressively competitive nature. Rapid growth rates in culture and therefore the production of various spores(conidia) that were mostly varying reminder green characterize fungi during this genus. A growing number of teleomorphs in Hypocrea are linked to commonly occurring Trichoderma anamorphs, but most strains of Trichoderma were classified as imperfect fungi because they need not been related to a sexual state. Interestingly, Hypocrea/Trichoderma spp. were even ready to induce systemic resistance, which is characterized by the occurrence of disease control within the plant at a site distant from the situation of Hypocrea/Trichoderma. Trichoderma species are described as biological control agents against fungal and bacterial pathogens. They stimulate the production of low-molecular-weight compounds that have antimicrobial activity like e.g. phytoalexins which were normally produced by plants in response to an attack by pathogens. A large were a of interest in biocontrol is that the reduction of plant diseases caused by soil-borne and foliar plant pathogenic fungi. Roughly 70% of all the main crop diseases were caused by fungi, or the fungus-like Oomycota. Notorious examples were species belonging to the genera Rhizoctonia, Botrytis, Phytophthora, Pythium, Sclerotinia and F sarium. Most of the formulations of commercially available biocontrol products against plant pathogenic fungi contain the bacteria Pseudomonas and Bacillus or fungi belonging to the genus Hypocrea/Trichoderma. Hypocrea/Trichoderma spp. produces a good range of enzymes for degradation of homo- and hetero-polysaccharides, which were designative for his or her broad spectrum of substrate utilization and their ubiquitous occurrence in nature. Furthermore they possess a good spectrum of proteases which help them within the defense of their habitats and therefore the competition for nutrients with other microorganisms. Biological synthesis of metal nanoparticles involving the utilization of microbes is straightforward, costeffective and eco-friendly technique. These nano-particles were effective, bio-compatible and bio-degradable.

Short Communication Pages: 1 - 1

Multifunctional nanoparticles combined with magnetic immunoassay for biomarker detection- C Bor Fuh - National Chi Nan University

C Bor Fuh

Biomarkers are widely utilized in clinical research and practice as references for medical diagnoses and coverings of cancers. the number of biomarkers are generally very low in healthy persons. A detection method with high sensitivity and selectivity is important to biomarker applications. An enzyme-linked immune-sorbent assay (ELISA) has been a widely used method for biomarker detections. However, it's a time consuming and laborious method even with its high sensitivity and selectivity. Thus, it's desirable to enhance it with an alternative method. Magnetic immunoassay can provide an alternate method of ELISA with advantages of rapidity, sensitivity, and selectivity for biomarker detections. the main advantages come from the simple and fast response of magnetism with high selectivity of antibody. Magnetic immunoassay using multifunctional nanoparticles has great potential in biochemical analysis. This presentation would show several biochemical analyses using bio-functional nanoparticles with emphasis on magnetic immunoassay in thin channels and micro-plates. Several model biomarkers would be wont to demonstrate the applications of this system. This detection limit is substantially lower and therefore the linear range is considerably wider than those of ELISA and other immunoassay methods. The differences between this method and an ELISA in biomarker measurements of serum samples were but 12%. The proposed method demonstrates favorable detection of biomarkers with advantages of speed, sensitivity, selectivity, and throughput.
The discovery of varied biomarkers and therefore the emergence of their clinical significance has given impetus to further changes within the constantly evolving field of health care. Specifically, biomarkers became active players instead of mere catalysts within the paradigm shift from treatment-based medicine towards preventative medicine. With the latter placing stress on the first detection and monitoring of diseases, biomarkers are being employed during a sort of methods and standards. In fact, consistent with the National Institutes of Health, biomarkers are “a characteristic that's objectively measured and evaluated as an indicator of normal biological processes, pathogenic processes, or pharmacologic responses to a therapeutic intervention”. the first detection of cancer and development of personalized detection and treatment modalities, as an example, could become possible through the utilization of such biomarkers, thereby underscoring their crucial role within the continuing development of drugs. including recent developments within the field of nanotechnology, biomarkers and their use within the detection of varied diseases will only still grow.
Immunomagnetic assays, especially, ask for the identification of the target analyte (eg, antigen) via capture moieties (ie, antibodies, ligands, nucleotides) conjugated onto the surface of magnetic particles. Specifically, the capture moieties detect the specified target (ie, protein biomarker, DNA, RNA) for subsequent separation from the remaining solution via an easy magnet, and consequently, for various methods of analysis. The noninvasiveness and straightforward nature of this method continue to enable the widespread use of magnetic particles. Furthermore, the high surface-area-to-volume ratio of the particles confers a correspondingly high probability of interaction with target biomarkers and essentially increases the efficiency of the system. the steadiness of the particles in various chemical environments works to further increase their use across a good range of applications. Additionally, the three-dimensionality of particles in a solution is often wont to increase the gathering and separation efficiency of biomarkers; the utilization of conventional enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits, on the opposite hand, is restricted by their two-dimensional approach to biomarker targeting. Finally, magnetic particles are often surface-functionalized and conjugated with other nanomaterials, including gold particles, quantum dots, and protein nanocages, to get a platform for the highly-sensitive quantification of biomarkers.

Short Communication Pages: 1 - 1

Polymeric film releasing nitric oxide under light stimulation, reported by fluorescence- Marta Perez Lloret - University of Catania

Marta Perez-Lloret, Nino Marino, Anna R Blanco, Alessandro Venuta, Fabiana Quaglia and Salvatore Sortino

Global health organizations are concerned about the multi-drug resistance (MDR). This phenomenon is presumed to line off one among the foremost important health crisis in our history. Because of the misuse of antibiotics, along side the capacity of microorganisms to adapt them to survive in hostile conditions, traditional antibiotics are getting obsolete. Here in born the necessity to make smart material acting as antibiotics. a stimulating approach to defeat this issue is that the production of cytotoxic species, like NO, singlet oxygen and warmth , which don't present MDR. Some advantages of light-triggered production of cytotoxic species are its good spatiotemporal release control, fast reaction rates and therefore the absence of residues after the reaction. A hybrid compound was specifically design and produce in our group, containing a coumarin (fluorescent marker), linked to a NO-photodonor and posteriorly incorporated into poly (lactic- co-glycolic acid)-based (PLGA) film. it's expected to watch a fluorescence-quenching effect between the NO-photodonor and therefore the fluorophore through Forster resonance energy transfer (FRET). After the NO release, no energy transfer occurs, resulting in the revival of fluorescence of the coumarin. because of the transparency of this biocompatible polymeric film, after the NO release, fluorescence emission will allow us to watch indirectly its release by fluorescence imaging. The importance of monitoring NO photo-production resides in its dosagedependent effect. A relation between irradiation time and death rate was proved during antibacterial tests.
For an extended time, gas (NO) has been considered only an atmospheric pollutant. In fact, NO plays important roles within the physiological activities of animals, plants, and microorganisms. NO is an endogenously synthesized diatomic molecule with a radical character that exists in various tissues and cells of the physical body and is widely involved within the regulation of the many physiological and pathological processes. Within the 1980s, Murad, Furchgott, and Ignarro discovered that NO is an endothelium-derived relaxing factor which may dilate blood vessels, thus regulating vital sign. This research aroused great interest among researchers, and within the ir later researches NO was identified to be an important signaling molecule for the regulation of the many physiological activities in the physical body . NO was selected as Science Magazine’s Molecule of the Year in 1992. In October 1998, Furchgott, Ignarro, and Muard won the Nobel prize within the field of physiology and medicine for his or her outstanding add NO research. Since then, the keenness for researches on NO has almost reached the height, and it's been increasingly valued in biology and medicine. NO was selected as Science Magazine’s Molecule of the Year in 1992. In October 1998, Furchgott, Ignarro, and Muard won the Nobel prize within the field of physiology and medicine for his or her outstanding add NO research. Since then, the keenness for researches on NO has almost reached the height, and it's been increasingly valued in biology and medicine. To sum up, the roles played by endogenous NO within the physical body are as follows: (i) NO may be a n endothelium-derived relaxing factor that relaxes vascular smooth muscle and prevents platelet aggregation; (ii) NO is a reverse messenger of nerve conduction and plays a crucial role within the process of learning and memorization; (iii) when activated upon phagocytosis and stimulation, macrophages release NO as toxic molecules that kill foreign invading microorganisms and tumor cells; (iv) as a radical , NO can damage normal cells, which plays a crucial role in myocardial and brain ischemia–reperfusion injuries; and (v) NO can regulate the inflammatory reaction and cell proliferation processes, which are key to the wound healing process.

2021 Conference Announcement Pages: 1 - 1

2021 Announcement of Advanced Materials & Nanotechnology

Peng-Sheng Wei

Warm Welcome to all as we affably invite you to be a part of 26th International Conference on Advanced Materials & Nanotechnology on November 15-16, 2021 in Madrid, Spain.
The congress can highlight the theme “Exchange of Technological Advances in the field of Advanced Materials & Nanotechnology” to assemble the researches, scientists, academicians and industrialists from round the world and additionally to line a standard platform for discussion and exploring recent advances in technology.
 The 2 days in Nov are going to be extremely interactive once all the aspiring minds of the Advanced Materials & Nanotechnology can move to refine the structure of technology. You may be at liberty to succeed in North American country and share your thoughts to continue your long learning and rest on the talents that cause you to successful.
Advanced Materials 2021 conference paves a platform to globalise the analysis by putting in a dialogue between industries and tutorial organizations and information transfer from analysis to trade. Advanced Materials 2021 aims in proclaim information and share new ideas amongst the professionals, industrialists and students from analysis areas of technology and every one the connected disciplines to share their analysis experiences and cherish interactive discussions and special sessions at the event. Events embrace hot topics shows from everywhere the globe and skilled networking with industries, leading operating teams and panels. Meet Your Objective business with people from and round the globe focused on looking for regarding technology, this can be the simplest probability to attain the most important assortment of members from all over throughout the globe. Conduct shows, disperse knowledge, meet with current, build a sprinkle with another product providing, and acquire name acknowledgment at this occasion.
We predict around 50+ Speaker and 100+ delegate participants excluding the scholars for our Conference. The gathering of international specialists and investigators in city can lead the conference discussion to the extent of exploring the new happenings, work on the case studies, and innovating the reality behind the technology.
Enrol currently to be gift the sessions on Advanced Materials and practical Devices, Composite Materials, Magnetism and Multiferroism, Nano Materials, Nano Structures, Carbon Nanostructures and Graphene, Spintronics, Nanoparticle Synthesis and Applications, Optical Materials and Plasmonics.
This conference can facilitate the attendees in building a robust skilled network by facilitating a contemporary perspective of ideas, information in recent advancements, one-on-one engagements and streamlining of techniques. Advanced Materials 2021 is organized beneath the assumption that one-on-one interactions and discussions open door to innovations and inventions. We have a tendency to square measure proud facilitators of such a chance.
Meet Your Objective business with people from and round the globe focused on looking for regarding chemical compound science and Engineering, this can be the simplest probability to attain the most important assortment of members from all over throughout the globe. Conduct shows, disperse knowledge, meet with current, build a sprinkle with another product providing, and acquire name acknowledgment at this occasion. wide acclaimed speakers, the newest ways, strategies, and therefore the most up to this point overhauls in chemical compound science and Engineering square measure signs of this meeting.

The conference has voluminous scientific sessions, workshops, public speaking, poster presentation, video presentation etc.

Make your footprint within the Advanced Materials 2021 conference to explore the analysis and advancement techniques in nanotech at city, Madrid.

For further queries reach us on:

Sincerely
Richard Green
Program Director | Advanced Materials 2021
Email: [email protected]
Phone: +44-2033180199
WhatsApp: +44 7480-727986 

Young Research Forum Pages: 1 - 1

Young Research Forum on Advanced Materials & Nanotechnology

Peng-Sheng Wei

Prestigious Award for Young Research’s at Advanced Materials 2021 - Discovering New Exploration in Advanced Materials & Nanotechnology field.
Advanced Materials Conference Committee is glad to announce “26th International Conference on Advanced Materials & Nanotechnology” November 15 -26, 2021 in Madrid, Spain by focus on the theme: “Exchange of Technological Advances in the field of Advanced Materials & Nanotechnology” Advanced Materials 2021 developments are maintaining their momentum. Advanced Materials Conference program delves into strategic discussions.

Advanced Materials 2021 Young Scientist Awards:

Advanced Materials Conference Committee is intended to honour prestigious award for talented Young researchers, scientists, Young Investigators, Post-Graduate students, Post-doctoral fellows, Trainees, Junior faculty in recognition of their outstanding contribution towards the conference theme. The Young Scientist Awards make every effort in providing a strong professional development opportunity for early career academicians by meeting experts to exchange and share their experiences on all aspects of Advanced Materials & Nanotechnology.

 Young Research’s Awards at Advanced Materials 2021 for the Nomination: Young Researcher Forum - Outstanding Masters/Ph.D./Post Doctorate thesis work Presentation, only 25 presentations acceptable at the Advanced Materials 2021 young research forum. .

Guidelines for Young Researchers Forum Benefits

Young Scientist Award recongination certificate and memento to the winners.

Our conferences provide best Platform for your research through oral presentations.

Learn about career improvement with all the latest technologies by networking.
 
Young Scientists will get appropriate and timely information by this Forum.
Platform for collaboration among young researchers for better development.
Provide an opportunity for research interaction and established senior investigators across the globe in the field.
Share the ideas with both eminent researchers and mentors.
It’s a great privilege for young researchers to learn about the research areas for expanding their research knowledge.

Eligibility

Young Investigators, Post-Graduate students, Post- doctoral fellows, Trainees, junior faculty with a minimum of 5 years of research experience
Presentation must be into scientific sessions of the conference.

Each Young Researcher / Young Scientist can submit only one paper (as first author or co-author).
Age limit-Under 35yrs

All submissions must be in English.

Advanced Materials 2021 provides best platform to expand your network, where you can meet scientists, authorities and CROs from around the world. It’s your time to grab the opportunity to join Advanced Materials 2021 for promoting your research article and to facilitate prestigious award in all categories. In this fame, we look forward for your contribution and astonishing dedication to make our Advanced Materials 2021 more successful.

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