Over the past few decades, remarkable changes in science and healthcare have led to a decline in cardiovascular disease mortality, largely due
to advancements in risk-based prevention and treatment. However, as our county experiences an increase in cardiovascular risk factors such
as metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and overweight and obesity, these trends are beginning to stall. In addition, these trends have been
exacerbated by poor long-term adherence to a healthy lifestyle and life-saving pharmacotherapy, with recent data indicating unprecedented
increases in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. In order to improve our nation's cardiovascular health, a paradigm shift is required. The practice
of primordial, primary, and secondary prevention of all cardiovascular diseases is known as preventive cardiology, a developing subspecialty of
Cardiovascular disease continues to be the leading cause of death for men and women in the United States, despite diligent efforts. Preventive
cardiology as a distinct subspecialty is questioned by many healthcare professionals, despite the fact that there is little debate about its significance.
A lack of organization and standardization, as well as the varying quality of training provided by programs across the country, has hampered the
field's expansion. According to the American Society for Preventive Cardiology, the purpose of this document is to outline the key characteristics
that define the field of preventive cardiology.