Background: Deep sternal wound infection (DSWI), or mediastinitis, is a devastating complication of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This
prospective study aimed to assess our management of DSWI in view of the published literature.
Methodology: Over 2-years (ending at January 2016), 29 patients (20 males) developed DSWI amongst 520 patients who underwent standard
CABG surgeries (5.6%). Pre-, intra-, and postoperative variables were documented. Whenever possible, the infections were culture-verified.
Besides antibiotics, patients received one or more of the following therapies: drainage, debridement, closed irrigation, sternal re-wiring, vacuumassisted
closure (VAC) and bone resection.
Result: Male to female ratio was 2.2: 1. Mean age was 58.1 ± 7.3 years. The mean body mass index (BMI) was 27.9 ± 3.4 kg/m2. There were 18,
16 and 11 patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) respectively. Cardiopulmonary
bypass (CPB) was utilized in 26 (89.7%) patients with a mean time of 117.5 ± 3.3 minute. Most surgeries (n=21, 72.4%) lasted 5-6 hrs. According to
Pairolero classification, there were 3 (10.3%) Type I, 22 (75.9%) Type II and 4 (13.8%) Type III infections. Four (13.8%) cases were culture-verified.
Twenty-three (79.3%) DSWIs were surgically managed. Sternal re-wiring was performed in 14 (48.3%) cases while VAC was added to other
therapies in 2 (6.9%) patients. DSWIs completely resolved in 18 (62.0%) patients within 3-24 weeks while two (6.9%) patients died within 30-days.
Conclusion: We have identified six independent risk factors for DSWI (male gender, obesity, DM, hypertension, COPD and CPB), five of them