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International Journal of Economics & Management Sciences

ISSN: 2162-6359

Open Access

Volume 6, Issue 1 (2017)

Research Article Pages: 1 - 10

An Appraisal of the Causes of Delayed Response to Crime Incidents in ├ó┬?┬?Area B├ó┬?┬Ł Police Command of Metropolitan Lagos, Nigeria

Nwoye Casmier Friday

Crime incidents in Lagos State, particularly in Metropolitan areas, have become worrisome and have resulted in severe loss of lives and property over the years. Unfortunately the Nigerian Police, which is the major constituted security agency, has not lived up to expectations in terms of responding promptly to crime incidents when they occur in the area. This situation calls for urgent attention, especially now that Lagos State is at an inception stage of being one of the Mega Cities in Africa and in the Globe. Thus, this study aimed at exploring the causes of delayed response to crime in Area B Police Command of Lagos Metropolis. Its focus was to analyze the physical and human variables responsible for delayed responses of the men of Nigerian Police. Physical factors such as accessibility and spatial distribution of Police Divisions within the study area were examined. Human induced factors, as they bolder on attitude and motivations of the respondents were also analyzed. The Methodology involved a combination of quantitative, qualitative and location analysis. Primary spatial and non-spatial data were collected on the field by direct readings as well as field observation, interviews and questionnaire administration to both residents and the police. All these were analysed using GIS and Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS). The findings revealed that delayed response to crime incidences in the study area resulted from both human and infrastructural factors. Only three of the Police stations were highly accessible while most others were averagely accessible. However, there was a police division with little or no accessibility. This perhaps accounts for the delayed responses to crime incidents occurring in this division. Analysis of questionnaire revealed that most of the residents did not promptly report crime incidences and when they did, the responses was not speedily conveyed because they had reported the incidence through rather slow means. On the part of the police, inadequate welfare and infrastructural facilities accounted for low motivation which invariably fuels delayed response.

Research Article Pages: 1 - 7

The Impact of Corruption on Economic Growth and Cultural Values in Nigeria: A Need for Value Re-orientation

Jorji A Nwogu and Victor Ushahemba Ijirshar

Corruption in Nigeria has deeply entrenched/ingrained in the national ethics, politics, civil society, public and private sectors and has been deeply permeated by a pervasive and debilitating culture so much that it is best regarded as been institutionalized, until the recent fight against it. The longtime reign of corruption in the country has impacted negatively on economic growth and has decayed or deteriorated our cultural values in the state. This study examined the impact of corruption on economic growth and cultural values in Nigeria situating the need for value re-orientation. The negative impact of corruption on economic growth and the decaying standard of Nigerian cultural values have necessitated the need for value re-orientation in order to bring redemption to the country’s national character and image. The study recommends the effective use of anti-corruption agencies. In the same vein, there should be re-orientation process in the education system of the country while the government should adequately fund the system.

Research Article Pages: 1 - 10

Efficiency of Selected Sudanese Sheep Markets: A Multivariate Approach (1995-2011)

Mohamed Bushara OA and Murtada KA Abdelmahmod

The main objective of this study is to investigate price movements among important sheep markets in the Sudan to explore their pricing efficiency. The short period of long-run equilibrium adjustment indicated that there are strong price linkages between Omdurman and other four markets (Elobied, Medani, Sennar and Nyala markets). The prices causality indicated unidirectional relation causality of Nyala market through Medani and Elobied markets. Nyala markets as terminal market located in production area Granger cause Medani and Omdurman as major consumption markets; this was taken as evidence that price movements were primarily driven by supply shocks. That mean the system was centred on Nyala i.e. Nyala could be considered as a supply market in sheep market which means the prices were supply driven.

Research Article Pages: 1 - 5

The Relationship between External Debt and Economic Growth in Nigeria

Victor Ushahemba Ijirshar, Fefa Joseph and Mile Godoo

External debt is found to be a driver of economic growth if properly managed but its servicing rather than repayment is an inhibiting factor to economic growth. This paper examined the relationship between external debt and economic growth in Nigeria for the period of 1981-2014. The study used both descriptive and econometric tools. The analysis of unit root was performed on each of the variables incorporated in the model and the result showed that, all the variables were not stationary at level but achieved stationary after first difference at 5% level of significance. The regression results showed a significant relationship between external debt and economic growth in Nigeria. However, external debt stock impacted positively while external debt service impacted negatively on the annual growth rate of the Nigerian economy both in the long run and the short run.

Research Article Pages: 1 - 6

The new Industrial Revolution: manufacturing with 3D Printers and Polymer Materials in an Economy of Design, Innovation and Intellectual Property

Lucas Agudiez Roitman and Michael Shanks

In this paper, we analyze the function and applications of a 3D printer in the context of a modern economic landscape. While other papers delve into the topic of printers in which users can download 3D models from various websites and replicate them, they do so on a surface level. This paper delves deeply in the potential economic changes that these devices could create. Unlike in regular manufacturing, these objects, made mainly from plastic material, can have internal gears and pieces that make a fully working mechanical product, without the need to assemble the individual parts into a larger contraption, and have been used even for the creation of fire weapons. We discuss the implications in regulation and control of the population and their creations.

Research Article Pages: 1 - 3

The Competition Analysis of Telecommunications Industry in Indonesia: Switching Barries and Consumer Satisfaction

Subuh Hidayat

The research was conducted using ethnographic methods using two stages of natural observation and interviews. The results of this study indicate that consumers done transitional measures not only determined the issue of customer satisfaction and dissatisfaction.

Research Article Pages: 1 - 6

Analysis of Rural Transportation of Agricultural Produce in Ijebu North Local Government Area of Ogun State Nigeria

Oluwaseyi Joseph Afolabi, Ademiluyi IA and Adebayo Owolabi Oyetubo

This research analyzed rural-urban transportation on agricultural produce in Ijebu north local government area of Ogun State. A well-designed questionnaire, personal observation and descriptive and inferential statistics were employed. The respondents consist of (378) of the total population, while simple random technique was used to select 113 (30%) farmers and 95 (25%) produce transporters were equally selected systematically, 170 (45%) produce traders were purposively selected to gather information on socio-economic, agricultural produce, transportation of produce and challenges of moving agricultural produce. Findings show that combination of food crops, cash crops, tubers, poultry, fruits, vegetables and poultry product dominate Ijebu North Local area in which farmers combined cultivation of those crops. The respondent use the following means of transportation in the study area i.e. walking, motor bike, bus, pick-up van and car. Roads in the study area are in a deplorable condition, the type of vehicle used by farmers and traders depend on the volume of the agricultural produce, while petrol, maintenances, ticketing and extortion are the operating cost of vehicle in the movement of produce by the transporters. The research recommends among others things the provision of good storage facility, massive road rehabilitation, provision of modern public transport, empowering agricultural agency to complement the existing effort and extension of rail services towards enhancing transportation of agricultural produce in Ijebu North Local Government area.

Research Article Pages: 1 - 8

Investment Decisions in Unlisted Family Businesses

Gérard Hirigoyen and Djibrilla Moussa Ousseini

This article contributes to understanding the investment decision in the unlisted family business (UFB). It particularly highlights the roles of the performance target and long-term survival goal, providing empirical support both for the Prospect Theory and for the Post Keynesian Theory developed by Myron Gordon. Results clearly show that the UFB’s main objective is very far removed from that of maximizing shareholders’ financial wealth. Overall, this article shows the necessity to consider the goal of long-term survival as a key factor for developing a governance theory that is relevant to UFBs.

Research Article Pages: 1 - 4

Impact of Globalization on Poverty in Pakistan

Atif Yaseen and Ishrat Mishal

This paper is an endeavour to test the impact of globalization on destitution in Pakistan. ARDL beyond any doubt experimenting with strategy to co-combination affirms the life of long haul relationship a portion of the factors, Human improvement Index (neediness), globalization, FDI, CPI and populace over the length of 1980-2012. Results complete that globalization, FDI and populace are poor related with neediness and CPI is fine connected with destitution in long run and short run. On the off chance that Pakistan need to decrease destitution there desperate need capable and well ponder levy markdown rules to development globalization.

Research Article Pages: 1 - 7

SMS Promotion Effects on Consumer Behaviour: A Turkish Case

Fehim Duzgun and Gonca Telli Yamamoto

Mobile phones brought rapid, extensive, and personal communication to our lives. Parallel to Mobile phone development, Marketers started to consider mobile phone as a marketing tool to reach their consumers. SMS marketing is the most basic and widely used method of mobile marketing since the early days of mobile marketing. Beside of that, Smartphone development changed the Mobile Phone market characteristics and user habits, hence marketing communication methods changed and extended with many alternatives. The question is; after smartphone development, SMS marketing is still affecting consumer behaviour or not? So far, literature has been supporting that SMS marketing is an effective way to reach the consumer and it affects consumer behaviour. In our research, to examine effect of SMS marketing, we have made promotional sales campaign with SMS communication for a smartphone product in Turkey market. We have sent location base SMS through one of the biggest Telecom operator with addressing Operator shops and analysed the consumer behaviour result.

Research Article Pages: 1 - 6

A Study on Learning Styles, Gender and Academic Performance of Post Graduate Management Students in India

Ariz Naqvi and Farah Naqvi

The management courses in higher education has experienced a rapid increase in the number of female students in the past decade. A number of factors were found attributing to the cause including some major social and educational factors. These factors are well studied by the scholars in the past. However, there is still considerable gap in the literature pertaining to the relationship between learning styles and gender differences in the context of management education. This paper focuses on management education using Experiential Learning Theory (ELT) and explores the effects of learning styles and gender on the performance scores of undergraduate students in three successive academic years. Results of the study indicate that the distribution of learning style type preference of the chosen sample of students was more concentrated towards assimilating and converging styles. Further results also indicate non-significant difference of learning style and gender in all groups. The performance scores of males were found higher in Finance and Marketing disciplines, whereas scores of females were higher in Human Resource and International Business disciplines irrespective of non consistency in all the groups. The study concludes that instructors should use a learning strategy matching with the style of each learner in different majors of management opted by the students.

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