Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering

ISSN: 2165-784X

Open Access

Vertical Distribution of NO2 in an Urban Area: Exposure Risk Assessment in Children


Cheong KWD, Tham KW, Balasubramanian R and Kalaiarasan M

The aim of the study is to perform a potential health risk assessment on children in contracting respiratory symptoms due to inhaling traffic-generated nitrogen dioxide (NO2) in two typical high-rise naturally-ventilated residential building designs (slab and point block) located close to busy major expressways in a tropical climate. A total of six buildings were selected for the study. Ogawa passive samplers (PS-100) were used for NO2 measurements in each building over a period of 5 weeks during the predominant monsoon seasons. Health risk assessment showed children residing at the mid floors of the buildings had the highest health risk regardless of their age .i.e. infants, children (1 year and under), children (8-10 years)compared to those residents residing at the high and low floors. This was expected since the highest concentration of traffic-generated NO2 concentration occurred at the mid floors of the buildings. In a typical floor, children (1 year and under) had the highest followed by children (8-10 years) whilst new born infants had the least potential health risk in contracting respiratory symptoms. The reason might could be new born infants obtain passive immunity from their mothers and in children (1 year and under), the passive immunity fall during this age period as they are developing their very own immunity against respiratory symptoms. Children (8-10 years) had the their potential health risk to respiratory symptoms in between the other two age groups as these children could have developed more immunity against respiratory symptoms compared to the children (1 year and under) but less immunity compared to infants. Based on the mean overall HR values, children living in a slab block has about 1.27 times more risk in contracting a respiratory symptoms due to NO2 inhalation compared to those living in a point block.


Share this article

Google Scholar citation report
Citations: 1798

Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering received 1798 citations as per Google Scholar report

Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering peer review process verified at publons

Indexed In

arrow_upward arrow_upward