Dana Skultetyova, Slavomira Filipova, Pavo Chnupa, Juraj Madaric, Viliam Fridrich, Martin Gocar and Ivan Vulev
Objective: The study investigated the impact of renal sympathetic denervation on office blood pressure and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in patients with resistant hypertension. We evaluated whether a decrease in blood pressure may improve local carotid stiffness and parameters of wave intensity.
Methods: Renal sympathetic denervation was performed in 17 patients (age 55 ± 9 years) with true resistant hypertension. Measurements of carotid stiffness and wave intensity were performed using ultrasound combined with echo-tracking.
Results: We found significantly improved office systolic blood pressure changes 1 month (p=0.023) and together with pulse pressure changes at the 6 month follow up (p=0.041; p=0.016). Changes in systolic blood pressure during the daytime were significantly decreased at 1 month and diastolic blood pressure changes during the daytime were significantly reduced at 1 and 3 months. Stiffness parameters beta stiffness and pressure-strain elastic modulus were significantly reduced (p=0.04; p=0.03) and arterial compliance was increased (p=0.03), especially 1 and 3 months. The changes in negative area were significantly reduced after 1 month (p=0.041) and the ejection period was significantly increased at the 6 month follow-up (p=0.011). According to linear regression analysis systolic blood pressure correlated positively with the beta stiffness, pressure-strain elastic modulus, pulse wave velocity, and negatively with arterial compliance.
Conclusions: We found significantly lower office blood pressure as well as blood pressure from ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in patients with resistant hypertension 6 months after renal sympathetic denervation. The decrease in blood pressure was followed by improvement of carotid stiffness and wave intensity. That may be reflected in enhancement of ventricular-arterial coupling.PDF
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Journal of Hypertension: Open Access received 477 citations as per Google Scholar report