Pharmaceutical Regulatory Affairs: Open Access

ISSN: 2167-7689

Open Access

Regulatory Requirements and Drug Approval Process in India, Europe and US


Sawant AM, Mali DP and Bhagwat DA

Current constrain of Regulatory Affairs reveals diverse countries need to follow different regulatory requirements for Marketing Authorization Application (MAA) approval of new drugs. Every country has its own regulatory authority which is responsible to enforce the rules and regulations and issue the guidelines to regulate the marketing of the drugs. Once a lead drug molecule has been discovered, nonclinical studies of a drug should be conducted to ensure efficacy and safety. Then, clinical trials can be performed, after an application is submitted to competent authority of the concerned country. The three phases of clinical trials are conducted as per the protocol. The competent authority reviews an application submitted to get approval for marketing the drug and approves it if satisfied that the drug supports quality, safety and efficacy concerns. Even after the approval of new drug, government should monitor its safety by post marketing surveillance which is considered as Phase IV. Though certain aspects of drug approval process are similar among different countries, some differences do occur. In this present exertion study expresses the drug approval process and regulatory requirements according to US Food and Drug Administration (UDFDA), European Medical Agency (EMA) and Central Drug Standard Control Organization (CDSCO). This review outlines advances in therapy and the main spotlight for the improvement and advance of cell therapies that are being confronted today.


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