Journal of Trauma & Treatment

ISSN: 2167-1222

Open Access

Post War Psychological Morbidity among Internally Displaced, Married Females in Northern Sri Lanka


Don Shashika Ransara Attidiya, Aravinda Wickramasinghe, Achala Balasuriya, Dileepa Ediriweera, Sahayapragash Manuelpillai and Shehan Williams

Background: A three-decade long conflict between the government military and Tamil rebels in Sri Lanka ended in 2009 with the defeat of the rebels. The civilians were the most affected in the war with reports of scant respect for human rights on both sides of the warring factions. Objective: To conduct a cross-sectional study to assess the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among married females in two villages in Northern Sri Lanka that was affected significantly in the last phase of the war. Method: All married females in two resettled villages in the Mannar District were interviewed by trained data collectors using the translated K-10 and PSSR-17 questionnaires to estimate the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depressive disorder. All families in these villages were from internally displaced camps where they had been living for more than a year after having been displaced from their homes and having experienced direct war trauma for weeks. Data was collected from 135 married females between March to May 2011 with ethical approval for the study. Result: Criteria for diagnosis of severe PTSD were met in 57% of all participants and all participants had at least mild symptoms of PTSD. The screening tool for depression showed 63% to have significant depressive symptoms. Both depressive and severe PTSD features were present in 24%. Nearly 73% of participants were having either depression or severe PTSD. Conclusion: Psychiatric morbidity was high in the post-conflict period, in a highly vulnerable population of married females.


Share this article

Google Scholar citation report
Citations: 1048

Journal of Trauma & Treatment received 1048 citations as per Google Scholar report

Journal of Trauma & Treatment peer review process verified at publons

Indexed In

arrow_upward arrow_upward