Molecular and Genetic Medicine

ISSN: 1747-0862

Open Access

Molecular Linking of HIPEC (Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy) and Tregs (Regulatory T- cells) in Advanced Epithelial Ovarian Cancer - A Review


RAY MD, Deo SVS, Luthra K, Mathur S, Anand P and Sharma A

The mainstay in the management of advanced epithelial ovarian cancer is platinum-based chemotherapy and complete cytoreductive surgery. Despite this, about two-thirds of patients have disease recurrence mostly within the peritoneal cavity. HIPEC (Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy) is a modality that delivers cell-cycle non-specific chemotherapeutic agents along with heat 41°C to 43°C into the peritoneal cavity. HIPEC is done intra-operatively after achieving complete cytoreduction (which means after removal of all the tumor deposits more than 2.5 mm). Ovarian cancer is associated with the frequent finding of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in their tissue microenvironment. Especially studies have shown that ovarian cancer evades immune surveillance by higher expression of FOXP3 T cells. HIPEC has been used in the treatment of primary and recurrent tumors. In this review, we discuss how the significance of HIPEC on genetics and immunology of these patients with cancer have provided unique insights into the molecular and cellular basis of Treg cells. Studies of HIPEC and its association with Tregs cells should make it possible to increase the paucity of immuno- therapeutic modalities of most human cancer at an unprecedented level of molecular and cellular precision. The predictive, preventive, and therapeutic implications of these studies of HIPEC in relation to immunity in EOC may extend to patients with other peritoneal carcinomatosis.


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