Journal of Health & Medical Informatics

ISSN: 2157-7420

Open Access

Liver Cancer



Liver cancer is cancer that occurs in the liver. The liver is the largest glandular organ in the body and performs various critical functions to keep the body free of toxins and harmful substances. It’s located in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen, right below the ribs. The liver is responsible for producing bile, which is a substance that helps you digest fats, vitamins, and other nutrients. This vital organ also stores nutrients such as glucose, so that you remain nourished at times when you’re not eating. It also breaks down medications and toxins. When cancer develops in the liver, it destroys liver cells and interferes with the ability of the liver to function normally.

Liver cancer is generally classified as primary or secondary. Primary liver cancer begins in the cells of the liver. Secondary liver cancer develops when cancer cells from another organ spread to the liver. Unlike other cells in the body, cancer cells can break away from the primary site, or where the cancer began. The cells travel to other areas of the body through the bloodstream or the lymphatic system. Cancer cells eventually collect in another body organ and begin to grow there.

 Causes of Liver Cancer

Primary liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma) tends to occur in livers damaged by birth defects, alcohol abuse, or chronic infection with diseases such as hepatitis B and C, hemochromatosis (a hereditary disease associated with too much iron in the liver), and cirrhosis. More than half of all people diagnosed with primary liver cancer have cirrhosis -- a scarring condition of the liver commonly caused by alcohol abuse. Hepatitis B and C and hemochromatosis can cause permanent damage and liver failure. Liver cancer may also be linked to obesity and fatty liver disease.

The vast majority who get liver malignancy (hepatic malignant growth) get it in the setting of interminable liver malady. Frequency paces of hepatocellular malignancy are ascending in the United States because of expanding pervasiveness of cirrhosis brought about by incessant hepatitis C and nonalcoholic greasy liver ailment. There are numerous treatment choices for liver malignancy. The treatment picked relies on how much the disease has spread and the general soundness of the liver and the general wellbeing of the patient. The sort of doctor that treats liver malignant growth is a master called an oncologist, an inward medication specialist with a board affirmation in oncology .The liver is the biggest organ inside the body and is situated under the correct ribs and underneath the correct lung. The liver has a few capacities. It secretes bile into the digestion tracts to ingest fats, separates and stores supplements, makes thickening variables expected to quit dying, and separates poisonous operators, similar to liquor and medications. When the poisonous operators are separated, they can be disposed of from the body through pee or stool. One of the reasons for cirrhosis, the scarring of the liver, is liquor addiction. An individual can't live without a liver, so liver shut down or liver disappointment is lethal.

Hepatitis is an aggravation of the liver, which can advance to scarring (fibrosis) or liver malignancy. Hepatitis can be brought about by harmful substances, contamination, or immune system illnesses. Normal infections that cause hepatitis are alluded to as types A, B, C, D, and E. It's conceivable to forestall hepatitis with an antibody accessible for types A, B, and E Liver malignant growth causes no side effects of its own. As the tumor develops, it might cause manifestations of agony in the correct side of the mid-region or feeling excessively full subsequent to eating a bit. A few patients may have exacerbating of side effects of incessant liver sickness or cirrhosis, which regularly goes before the improvement of malignancy of the liver. For instance, patients may grumble of

  • unexplained weight reduction, squandering (cachexia),
  • decreased craving,
  • nausea or retching,
  • feeling of a developed liver (feeling a mass under the ribs on the correct side),
  • enlarged spleen (feeling a mass under the ribs on the left side),
  • pain in the midsection or close to the correct shoulder bone,
  • increased expanding of the feet and paunch,
  • fluid develop in the stomach,
  • itching,
  • swollen legs, and
  • yellowing of the eyes and skin (jaundice).


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