Journal of Health & Medical Informatics

ISSN: 2157-7420

Open Access

Level of Awareness, Adherence to Diet, Self-monitoring and Medication Regimen among Diabetic Patients: A Basis for Improving Diabetes Specialty Clinic Services


Eleanor Mercado

The rise of Type 2 diabetes is becoming a global public health scare that needs extra attention and management. The increasingly sedentary lifestyle and westernization of diet have grown in parallel with the worldwide rise in obesity which is a major cause of Type 2 diabetes. This study focused on determining the level of awareness and adherence to medication and diet of diabetic patients at Abdi Waluyo Hospital in Jakarta Indonesia, which will be used as a basis for improving the Diabetes Specialty Clinic for the hospital. The study utilized quantitative method with descriptive correlational type of research to collect information on patients’ level of awareness and their adherence to drug management, diet, exercise and level of awareness. The patients (n=20) were recruited from Abdi Waluyo Hospital. A purposive sampling was utilized to select twenty diabetic patients. A researcher-made questionnaire was utilized as the main instrument in gathering data. A focus group discussion was also done to assess the level of awareness and compliance to diabetes management. The study yielded a full extent on adherence towards medication intake. Patients have extreme awareness in diet management and moderate awareness in diet and exercise. In terms of compliance, patients adhere to some extent only, while drug management has the highest level of compliance, followed by exercise and diet. There is a low correlation between level of awareness and compliance (r=0.32, p=0.15), indicating that the moderate level of awareness of patients to Diabetes Mellitus management is not related to their compliance. It was concluded that patients’ adherence or compliance to prescribed treatment regimen is the extent to which behaviours coincide with the health education to achieve a therapeutic result. Hence, educating the patients and family members is a key to Diabetes Mellitus patient management.


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