Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering

ISSN: 2165-784X

Open Access

Laboratory Assessment of Kaolinite and Bentonite under Chemical electrokinetic Treatment


Nasim Mosavat, Erwin Oh and Gary Chai

Electrokinetic treatment uses low intensity direct electric current or a low electric potential difference, to improve the engineering properties of subsurface soils while having minimum disturbance to the surface. This study aims to investigate the effects of chemical-electrokinetic treatment on properties of two types of clay soils at different intervals under the coupled Chemical, Hydraulic and Electrical (CHE) gradient. “Chemical-electrokinetic treatment” refers to improvement of soil with electrokinetic together with addition of chemical enhancement solution. The enhancement solutions used in this study are hydrated lime and saline solution. The combined effects of these processes together with various electrochemical and geochemical reactions would change the chemical composition of the soil porous medium, hence modifies the properties of the soil. The experiments were conducted in the laboratory using stainless steel electrodes under total applied voltage of 30 V for period of 15 days. Two types of fine-grained soils, kaolinite and bentonite, were used as they possess different mineralogy and geotechnical properties. The cumulative electro-osmotic flow and electric current flow through the soil samples were measured for period of 15 treatment days. Subsequently the specimens were tested for moisture content, pH and Atterberg Limit variations and the results have been reported. Test results revealed that there is a potential of developing this technique to improve engineering properties of finegrained soils, in particular to stabilise and improve soft soils for infrastructure management and constructions.


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