Irrigation & Drainage Systems Engineering

ISSN: 2168-9768

Open Access

Impact Analysis of Small Scale Irrigation Schemes on Household Food Security the Case of Sibu Sire District in Western Oromia, Ethiopia


Abdissa F, Tesema G and Yirga C

This study was aimed at examining analysing the impact of small scale irrigation on household food security in Sibu Sire district of Western Oromia regional state. Data were collected from 105 irrigation users and 45 non-users. Multi-stage stratified random sampling was applied to select the respondents. Descriptive statistics, Heckman twostage model and Greer and Thorbecke methods were applied to analyse the data. And the analysis research result implies that 44% of the non-users and 27% of users were food insecure. The result was also revealed that 56% of nonusers and 73% of the users were food secured. The model’s first stage revealed the significance effects of distance from the water source, size of cultivated land, access to credit service, access to extension, livestock holding and soil fertility factors in irrigation utilization. The second stage of the model discovered that access to irrigation, household size, dependency ratio, size of cultivated land, proximity of the households to a water source, distance from the market, livestock holding, crop pest infestation, and the Inverse Mills ratio are the determinants of household food security. The study analysis concluded that small scale irrigation utilization is one of the viable solutions to secure household food needs in the study area.


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