Pharmaceutical Regulatory Affairs: Open Access

ISSN: 2167-7689

Open Access

Evaluation of Insulin Delivery Strategies for Bronson Health Group


Sara Aja, James Curtis and Shaun W Phillips

Purpose: The Institute for Safe Medication Practices has published numerous safety alerts in regards to institutional insulin pen use focused on the misuse of insulin pens and subsequent transmission of infections. Other institutions may use floor-stock insulin; however, The Joint Commission has provided recent guidance against using multiuse vials on multiple patients. The purpose of this study is to evaluate Bronson Healthcare Group’s different methods of insulin administration to determine a cost-effective strategy while meeting regulatory requirements. Secondary endpoints will evaluate safety and nursing preference of different types of insulin delivery.

Methods: Retrospective data was collected in the form of medication safety event forms, insulin purchasing records, hospital-wide insulin usage reports, number of patient-days reports, and a nursing survey. Insulin use, purchasing data, and safety event reports were collected from August 2013 to August 2014 from Bronson Methodist Hospital and Bronson Battle Creek Hospital. The nursing survey was distributed to inpatient Bronson facilities from January 22 to February 5, 2015. Aggregate data was collected and analyzed via Microsoft Excel. Descriptive statistics were used to evaluate the primary outcome. Chi squared and t-tests were used for secondary outcomes as appropriate.

Results: By switching to short-acting insulin administered from 3 mL single-patient insulin lispro vials and pharmacy-drawn long-acting insulin detemir the hospital system could potentially save approximately $22,000 a year. Data did not support there being a safer method of insulin delivery. Nursing preference data indicated that nurses prefer delivery methods with which they are more familiar.

Conclusion: In combination with recommended best safety practices as reported by multiple nationally recognized safety organizations, we can conclude that the most cost-effective methods of insulin delivery for the Bronson Health System would be pharmacy technician drawn single doses of long acting insulin detemir and single patient 3 mL vials of insulin lispro.


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