Journal of Hypertension: Open Access

ISSN: 2167-1095

Open Access

CD4+ T Cells Play a Critical Role in Mediating Hypertension in Response to Placental Ischemia


Sarah Novotny, Kedra Wallace, Florian Herse, Janae Moseley, Marie Darby, Judith Heath, James Gill, Gerd Wallukat, James N Martin Jr., Ralf Dechend and Babbette LaMarca

Similar to preeclamptic women, hypertension in the chronic Reduced Uterine Perfusion Pressure Rat Model Of Preeclampsia (RUPP) is associated with increased CD4+ T cells, cytokines, sFlt-1 and agonistic autoantibodies to the AngII receptor (AT1-AA). We examined the effect inhibition of T cell co-stimulation in RUPP rats treated with (A) (abatacept, 250 mg/kg, infused i.v. at gestation day 13), on hypertension and sFlt-1, TNF-α and AT1-AA. RUPP surgical procedure was performed on day 14. On day 19 MAP increased from 94+2 mmHg in Normal Pregnant (NP) to 123 ± 3 mmHg in RUPP control rats. This response was attenuated by Abatacept, MAP was 104 ± 2 mmHg in RUPP ± A, and 96 ± 2 mmHg NP ± A. Percent circulating CD4+ T cells were 66 ± 3% in RUPPs compared to 55 ± 3% NP rats (p<0.04) but were normalized in RUPP ± A rats (54 ± 3%). The twofold increase in TNF alpha seen in RUPPs (277 ± 47 pg/ml) was decreased to 80 ± 18 pg/ml in RUPP+A. Placental sFlt-1 was reduced 70 % to 151 ± 28 in RUPP ± A compared 488 ± 61 pg/ml in RUPP (p<0.001). AT1-AA decreased from 20 ± 0.8 bpm in control RUPP to 6 ± 0.7 bpm in RUPP ± A. We next determined the effect of RUPP in causing hypertension in pregnant T cell deficient rats by examining MAP in NP (123 ± 5 mmHg) and RUPP athymic nude rats (123 ± 7 mmHg). In the absence of T cells, hypertension in response to placental ischemia was completely abolished. Collectively these data indicate that CD4+ Tcells in response to placental ischemia play an important role in the pathophysiology of hypertension associated with preeclampsia.


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