Pollution Scenario | Open Access Journals

Journal of Pollution

ISSN: 2684-4958

Open Access

Pollution Scenario

Environmental inequality,the concept that more vulnerable individuals, communities and subpopulations are more likely to be exposed to higher levels of environmental pollution, is well documented, particularly in relation to air pollution. Environmental inequality implies disadvantages in subpopulations and certain communities because increased levels of both pollution exposure and socioeconomic deprivation may lead to impaired health. Social gradients in health are well established in England, and it has been estimated that between 1.3 and 2.5 million years of life are lost because of health inequalities. Socially and economically disadvantaged people may experience increased susceptibility to the negative air pollution-related health effects, ranging from conditions such as respiratory irritation and cardiovascular disease to premature death, as a result of higher underlying baseline disease rates in deprived communities. Some studies have shown this effect modification on morbidity and mortality risks, in particular for urban areas, where individuals of high social class are not as affected by the negative health effects of air pollution as are individuals of lower social classes. The relationships between the geographical distribution of vulnerable communities and air pollution are, however, more complex than often implied. They vary considerably by geographical area by environmental pollutant and over time.

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Citations: 32

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