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Transcriptomics | Open Access Journals
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Molecular Biology: Open Access

ISSN: 2168-9547

Open Access

Transcriptomics

Transcriptomics is the study of the 'transcriptome,' a term which is use to signify a whole set of transcripts. The term transcriptome is now widely understood to mean the complete set of all the molecules of ribonucleic acid (RNA) expressed in a given entity, such as a cell, tissue, or organism. This includes their levels of transcription and expression, functions, places, trafficking, and degradation. It also contains the transcript structures and their parent genes for starting sites, 5′ and 3′ end sequences, splicing patterns and post transcription modifications. Modern transcriptomics uses high-throughput approaches to examine the expression of several transcripts in various physiological or pathological environments, and this extends our knowledge of the transcriptome-phenotype relationships through a broad variety of living organisms rapidly. Other RNAs can be regulated by long and short -coding RNA genes, defined by a heuristic length cut off from 200 bases. MiRNAs are a class of RNA genes recently discovered that control several other protein-coding genes.

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