Journal of Hypertension: Open Access

ISSN: 2167-1095

Open Access

Aref Rahman

Heart and Vascular Institute,
Director, Cardiac Catheterization Lab, VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System

  • Review Article
    Resistant Hypertension: A Comprehensive Overview
    Author(s): Jacob C Jentzer, Omar Batal, Shivdev Rao and Aref RahmanJacob C Jentzer, Omar Batal, Shivdev Rao and Aref Rahman

    Hypertension is a common, undertreated disease and a major risk factor for cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and renal disease. As many as 20-30% of hypertensive patients have resistant hypertension, defined as uncontrolled blood pressure despite 3 or more antihypertensive drugs including a diuretic, typically combined with a calcium-channel blocker and an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blocker. Patients with resistant hypertension can often be controlled by adding a mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist and/or vasodilating beta-blocker. A significant number of patients will have a treatable secondary cause of resistant hypertension such as obesity, sleep apnea, renal insufficiency, primary aldosteronism or renal artery stenosis. For patients whose hypertension is refractory to preferred antihypertensives, use of third-line antihypertensives such as symp.. Read More»
    DOI: 10.4172/2167-1095.1000111

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Citations: 477

Journal of Hypertension: Open Access received 477 citations as per Google Scholar report

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